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Nikon D850

The best becomes better..

Nikon Df

Full-frame 16 megapixel Retro Style DSLR..

Canon EOS 5DS / 5DS R

50 megapixel successor to the 22 megapixel Canon 5D Mark III..

Pentax K-3 (APS-C)

23-megapixel APS-C DSLR with an unusual feature set..

Otus 100mm f/1.4 APO-Sonnar

Razor sharp with gorgeous bokeh..

Canon EOS R5

Canon’s high-res mirrorless..

Nikon Z8 Overview, Setup, General

Setup, IBIS performance, focusing..

Nikon Z7 Overview, Setup, General

Setup, IBIS performance, focusing..

Sony A1

Technological tour de force..

Sony A1 Setup and Configuration

Menus, buttons, customization..

Sony Alpha A7R IV

4th Generation standard-setting camera..

Sony Alpha A7R III

Attention to details: a solid upgrade over the A7R II..

Sony Alpha A7R II

Attention to details: a big upgrade over the A7R..

Sony Alpha A7R

Full frame compact mirrorless with interchangeable lenses..

Sony Alpha A9

Blackout-free 20 fps speed demon..

Sony Alpha A7 II

Sensor stabilized 24MP full-frame..

Menus and Button Setup

How to configure the camera for serious shooting..

ALLVIEW—Any Lens Live View Camera

Eliminating the camera body barrier— any kind of lens with Live View EVF and LCD.

Ricoh GXR with A12 Mount for Leica M Lenses.

Use Leica M lenses on a digital back designed for them..

Fujifilm Finepix X100

The best compact big-sensor digital camera yet?.

Nikon Coolpix A

Fixed 28mm lens with APS-C sensor free of anti-aliasing blur with wonderful color..

Ricoh GR

Razor sharp 28mm lens on APS-C sensor and outstanding usability and features..

Sony Cybershot RX1R II

Diminutive full-frame camera with 35mm f/2 fixed lens..

Sony Cybershot DSC-RX1 / RX1R

Full frame camera in an ultra-compact body with or without anti-aliasing filter..

Olympus OM-D E-M1

A worthy upddate to the E-M5 with pro-grade build quality..

Olympus OM-D E-M5

Superb ergonomic design in a compact camera..

Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II

Flagship model for 2017..

Fujifilm X-E1

Compact sibling of the Fujifilm X-Pro1.

Fujifilm X-Pro2

Fujifilm's 24MP APS-C offering..

Sony NEX-7 and NEX-5N

24 or 16 megapixels in a compact body with APS-C sensor..

Sony Alpha A6000

Value camera: 24 megapixel APS-C sensor with EVF and vibration-free shutter..

Leica X Vario

Leica’s 28-70mm APS-C compact camera..

Leica X2

Leica’s large-sensor 'affordable' compact camera..

Overview of Sigma Foveon Sensor cameras

Foveon X3 true-color sensor for outstanding resolution..

Sigma dp Quattro Cameras

Mid-2014 models with newly designed 3-layer APS-C sensor..

Sigma dp2 Quattro

45mm f/2.8 equivalent FOV lens..

Leica M11

Leica M 60 Megapixels..

Leica M11 Monochrom

Leica M 60-megapixel monochrome sensor..

Leica M10-R

Leica M 40 Megapixels..

Leica M10 Monochrom

Leica M 40 megapixel monochrome sensor..

Leica M10

Leica M mount in slim body with SL-type sensor..

Leica M Typ 240 Usability Issues

Specific issues affecting usability..

Leica M Typ 240 In Use

Overall design and behavior..

Leica M Typ 240 Compared To Full Frame Cameras

Relative sharpness and performance across cameras..

Leica Q (Typ 116)

24-megapixel fixed lens compact full-frame..

Leica Q2

47-megapixel fixed lens compact full-frame..

Leica M9: User’s Guide and Review

High resolution digital rangefinder.

Leica M9 Rear LCD, Image Review

Modern digital features lacking with the M9..

Considerations in choosing a lens.

Focal lengths, color, weight and travel considerations. (relevant, but dated/old material).

Leica 16-18-21mm f/4 Tri-Elmar-M ASPH

Leica’s ultra wide angle zoom lens..

Leica 24mm f/3.8 Elmar-M ASPH

Leica’s best-performing 24mm, and with a flat field..

Leica 28mm f/2 Summicron-M ASPH (pre-2016)

Leica’s widest lens utilizing built-in frame lines..

Leica 28mm f/2 Summicron-M ASPH (2016)

Tweaked 2016 redesign..

Leica 35mm f/1.4 Summilux-M ASPH (2010 FLE)

Leica’s superlative and most natural lens for the M..

Leica 50mm f/1.4 Summilux-M ASPH

Leica’s superlative normal lens..

Leica 50mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH

High performance but flawed 50mm normal lens..

Leica 50mm f/2 APO Flare

Ghosting and veiling and ring flare pre/post production fix..

Leica 90mm f/2 APO-Summicron-R ASPH

Compact lens for portraiture or similar..

Leica 180mm f/2.8 APO-Elmarit-R

World’s best mid-range telephoto lens..

Zeiss ZM 35mm f/1.4 Distagon

Fast and ultra high performance moderate wide angle rangefinder lens..

Voigtlander M 28mm f/2 Ultron

Compact performer..

Voigtlander M 35mm f/2 APO-Lanthar Aspherical

World-class performer for Leica M..


ARCHIVAL MATERIAL. Terrific backup bodies or even primary body for M-mount lenses..

ALLVIEW— Any Lens Live View Camera

ARCHIVAL MATERIAL. Eliminating the camera body barrier— any kind of lens with Live View EVF and LCD, and especially Leica M-mount.
HISTORICAL, please see Guide to Mirrorless..

Blog posts, reverse chronological


2023-09-29 Fujifilm GFX100 II: Best EVF Yet?

2023-09-23 Fujifilm GFX100 II: What Features will Really Matter the Most?

2023-09-12 Fujifilm GFX100 II: Many Improvements Even for Still Photography

2023-04-26 Leica M11 Monochrom: the Obligatory First Shot, ISO 12500

2023-04-21 Nikon D850 Monochrome: Highly Competitive vs Leica M11 Monochrom

2023-04-13 60-Megapixel Leica M11 Monochrom Announced — Will it Outresolve the Fujifilm GFX100S?


2022-09-07 Announced: Hasselblad X2D-100C with 100 Megapixel Sensor, IBIS, Phase-Detect AF

2022-01-16 Reader Comment: Leica M11 Handgrip

2022-01-16 The Leica M11 is the Best M Camera Ever — and One that I’d Like to Own

2022-01-14 Leica M11 — Rangefinder vs EVF Focusing Accuracy

2022-01-13 The $10K 60MP Leica M11 Announced


2021-09-02 Fujifilm Medium Format Elbows into 35mm Territory: Fujifilm GFX50S II and Fujifilm GF 35-70mm f/4.5-5.6

2021-08-19 Sony A1: both EVF and Rear LCD no issue with polarized sunglasses

2021-05-10 Fujifilm GFX100S vs Sony A1: thoughts on Enjoyment, Hit Rate, Image Success + Reader Viewpoints

2021-04-24 Fujifilm GFX100S vs Fujifilm GFX100: Which is Better, Especially Given the Backorder Situation?

2021-03-14 Sony A1 or Sony A7R IV? If you Need the A1 Features, It’s Easy, otherwise it’s gear lust?

2021-02-02 Reader Comment: Leica Q2 Monochrom costs about as much as a Fujilm GFX100S, why no Leica M with EVF?

2021-01-27 Fujifilm GFX100S Chops $4000 Off Fujifilm GFX100, Cuts Size and Weight, Costs Less than Sony A1! Plus Commentary

2021-01-26 Sony A1 Initial Impressions


2020-12-13 Leica M10 Monochrome: Filters and Focus Error / Sharpness

2020-07-17 Leica M10-R and Leica M10 Monochrom: 40-Megapixel Sensor, but Nil New Design Thinking —  with essay by Roy P

2020-07-09 Canon EOS R5 Ships Soon + Canon RF 85mm f/2 Macro IS STM, Canon RF 100-500mm F4.5-7.1 L IS USM, Canon RF 600mm f/11 IS STM, Canon RF 800mm f/11 IS STM


2019-12-01 Initial Impressions of Leica Q2

2019-06-19 Announced: Hasselblad X1D-50C II, all-new Hasselblad CFV II 50C Digital Back and Hasselblad 907X

2019-04-10 Panasonic S1R: Magnified Live View with its Gorgeous High-Res EVF = Total FAIL


2018-12-07 Nikon Z7 and Zeiss ZM 35mm f/1.4 Distagon Here — Looks Promising

2018-11-04 Thoughts on a 'Nikon D850Z ' Transition Camera Combining Best of the Nikon D850 and Nikon Z7, Canon EOS R

2018-10-17 Reader Comment: Nikon Z7 and Nikon NIKKOR Z Lens Line

2018-10-13 Canon EOS R, Shooting it Today

2018-10-11 Nikon Z7 Has a Serious Behavioral Problem: Buttons go Unresponsive, Screen Blinks and Blinks

2018-08-25 Nikon Z7: High-Grade EVF

2018-08-24 Comments on Nikon Z7 Features

2018-08-01 Is It the End of the Development Road for Leica M Cameras? (Updated with Reader Comments)


2017-12-18 Reader Comments: Sony A7R III, Nikon D850, EVF, Focusing, Landscape

2017-10-25 Sony Announces Sony Alpha A7R III

2017-09-23 Reader Comment on Guide to Leica

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: High Resolution Tilting Rear LCD with Touchscreen

2017-08-23 Nikon Announces the D850, Commentary + Reader Comments

2017-07-15 Reader Comment: Leica SL as Platform for Leica M Lenses

2017-07-02 REVIEWED: Leica M10

2017-06-15 Nikon Celebrates 100th Anniversary = Useless Diversion of Resources

2017-05-25 Sony A9 First Impressions

2017-05-24 Sony A9 Arriving

2017-04-24 Is the Fujifilm GFX Suitable as a Digital Back?

2017-04-19 Sony’s New α9 Camera Appears to Target the High-End Sport Shooter Market

2017-02-28 Fujifilm GFX 50s: Did Not Ship From B&H Today (for me and another)

2017-02-24 Fujifilm GFX 50s: General Review Pages, Waiting For the GFX to Arrive

2017-02-09 Hasselblad X1D REVIEWED: Operational Usability, EVF, Flash Support, etc

2017-01-27 Is Leica a Credible Player?

2017-01-24 Fujifilm GFX 50s: Tilt Adapter for EVF

2017-01-18 Fujifilm GFX 50 Megapixel Medium Format Announced: Hi-Res Display Wonder (EVF, Rear LCD, Top Panel)

2017-01-18 Leica M10: Inertial Design

2017-01-14 Medium Format Hasselblad X1D and Fujifilm GFX vs Leica S & M and Leica SL

2017-01-06 Panasonic GH5 vs Olympus E-M1 Mark II


2016-12-24 Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II: User Interface Problems, No Choice but to Disable the TouchScreen

2016-12-20 Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II First Look: Initial Comments

2016-09-20 Reader Comments: Leica S System Promises

2016-09-19 Fujifilm GFX 50S Disrupts the Medium Format (and 35mm) Marketplace

2016-09-19 Sony A99 II: Mirrorless that Looks Like a DSLR

2016-08-23 Nikon D810 Rear LCD with Zacuto Loupe vs Sony-style EVF

2016-07-25 Leica SL Focusing Errors

2016-07-08 Reviewed: Leica 90mm f/4 Macro-Elmar-M

2016-06-22 Hasselblad X1D-50C: 50-Megapixel Mirrorless Medium Format

2016-06-11 Zeiss ZM 35mm f/1.4 Distagon on Leica SL — a Joy to Focus and Still the Best Overall M Lens

2016-05-01 EVF Mirrorless vs DLSR

2016-04-27 Poking the Hornet’s Nest... Sony vs Fujifilm: Which is the Better Deal?

2016-02-19 State of the Camera Market: “What If...”

2016-02-17 Pentax K1: 36 Megapixels with Image Stabilization and Super Resolution Mode

2016-02-03 Sony A6300, and the Fujifilm X-Pro2

2016-01-23 Reflecting on the Ricoh GR

2016-01-02 Leica SL First Look: Overview plus Aperture Series at 24mm: Pescadero Creek Upstream


2015-12-24 'Discounted', not 'Discontinued' Reflects a New Plausibility

2015-12-23 Sony RX1R II: Is it Worth Upgrading from RX1/RX1R?

2015-12-13 Sony RX1R II: Ergonomics and EVF

2015-12-01 Sony RX1R II Arrived

2015-11-29 Back Home... On Shooting in Difficult Conditions

2015-11-18 Zeiss Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon: It Has the Magic No Other Normal Lens has

2015-11-06 Sony RX1R II Now Available for Pre-Order

2015-10-20 Leica SL Typ 601 Full-Frame Mirrorless Camera System: the Logical Joining of DSLR and Mirrorless

2015-10-07 Reader Comment: Big DSLR Price Cuts, Why?

2015-10-04 Sony A7R II: Field Usage

2015-10-02 Leica 28mm f/1.4 Summilux-M ASPH in the field

2015-09-21 Reader Question: Nikon or Sony?

2015-09-05 “Window between Sony and Nikon D820”

2015-08-30 Sony A7R II: the EVF (and why Canon and Nikon suck and are clueless about what is useful)

2015-08-26 Canon EOS M3: Coming to USA

2015-08-06 Sony A7R II: 5X Live View Magnification in EVF is Fugly, with Pixellation, Jagged Edges, and Obvious Subsampling degradation

2015-08-06 Reader Comment: Ricoh GR

2015-08-04 Readers Write on the Sony A7R II: is there a quality issue with the EVF?

2015-07-21 Will the Leica Q Kill the Leica M?

2015-07-07 Sony A7R II: Is it the Death Knell for Leica M?

2015-06-10 Announced: Sony RX10 Mark II, Sony RX100 Mark IV

2015-03-27 Emerging Features that Are Essential: Make the Camera Work for YOU

2015-03-27 Nikon and Canon: Catatonic?

2015-02-27 Sharper Images by Technique and Shot Discipline

2015-02-22 It’s 2015: Where Does Leica M Stand?


2014-09-30 Leica M Typ 240: Operational Reliability in the Field

2014-08-22 Sony RX100 Mark III: Better than a DSLR When Gone Fishin'

2014-08-03 Nikon D810 Rear LCD with Zacuto Loupe vs Sony-style EVF

2014-07-24 A conversation with Ming Thein on the Pentax 645Z and Nikon D810 and More

2014-07-22 Reader Comments: D810 Review, Lenses, etc

2014-07-16 Nikon D810 About to Ship

2014-07-10 Pentax 645z: Detail Rendition and Image Quality on Variety

2014-07-08 Pentax 645z: Handheld Portraits with the Pentax 90mm f/2.8

2014-07-08 Pentax 645z: Noise from ISO 100 to ISO 204800 with RGB, Channels, Grayscale

2014-07-06 Pentax 645z + 25mm f/4 Aperture Series: Blue Beater Bike

2014-07-05 Pentax 645z + 25mm f/4 Aperture Series: Mosaic

2014-07-05 Pentax 645z + 90mm f/2.8 Aperture Series: Mosaic

2014-07-04 Is 50 Megapixels Sharper than 36 Megapixels?

2014-07-04 Reviewed: 50-Megapixel Pentax 645z

2014-07-02 Pentax 645z: 50 Megapixels Arrives

2014-06-27 “D810 Live View is Good”

2014-06-26 Thoughts on Nikon D810

2014-06-25 Nikon Announces D810

2014-06-25 Nikon D810 Leaked Specs: Improved Sensor, EFC Shutter

2014-05-21 Sigma dp Quattro Sensor Spectral Sensitivity for True-Color Images with Full Spatial Resolution

2014-05-20 EVF and Sensor Resolution: Higher is So Much Better for Critical Focus

2014-05-15 Pentax 645z: Hitting the Bullseye on Which Target?

2014-04-30 Sony A6000 Comments

2014-04-24 Leica T System: Quick Comments

2014-04-24 Leica T System vs Sony A7/A7R for those M Lenses

2014-04-21 Reader Comment: Sony RX1R

2014-04-18 Consistent Focusing Accuracy Requires a High-Resolution EVF: Leica M vs Sony

2014-04-14 Sony A7R: Is Shutter Vibration an Issue at 50mm?

2014-04-12 Hits and Misses: Ultra Low Light Photography—Sony A7s vs Nikon Df (and of sleeping gorillas)

2014-03-25 Sony CMOS 44 X 33mm Medium Format Sensor: Coming to a new Sony Camera?

2014-02-19 Reader Comment: Zacuto Loupe: “amazed by the result”

2014-02-10 Sigma dp2 Quattro

2014-02-04 Leica M Typ 240: Support for the Higher Resolution VF-4 EVF Not Feasible

2014-01-31 Sigma DP Merrill: Readers Respond

2014-01-30 Nikon D800E and D800 Instant Savings

2014-01-30 Micro Four Thirds and APS-C? Whither the Future? Wither the Future?

2014-01-01 2014: Year of Mirrorless?


2013-12-22 Handheld Optical Nirvana with the Sony A7R and Zeiss Otus 55m f/1.4 Distagon

2013-12-12 Sony A7R: Leica M Lenses

2013-12-10 Sony A7R / A7: What’s Coming

2013-12-05 Sony A7R: the Kitchen Sink Menu System Design Paradigm is Alive and Well

2013-12-03 Sony A7R + 35/2.8: Arrives Tomorrow

2013-12-01 Sony A7R: Adapting Zeiss and Leica Lenses via Lens Adapter

2013-11-11 Leica M Users Ask: Is the Sony A7R the Ultimate Leica M Lens Platform?

2013-11-05 Thoughts on Nikon Df

2013-10-27 Reader Comment: Sony RX1R Focusing at Shooting Aperture

2013-10-25 Leica M240: Shutter Vibration Appears to Damage Image Sharpness

2013-10-22 Eye Detection in Sony A7R: It’s About Time

2013-10-16 Sony A7, A7R: Breakthrough in Image Quality in a Compact Package with Killer EVF and LCD Too

2013-10-13 Reader Comments: Sony RX1R

2013-10-11 Zeiss Otus 55/1.4 APO-Distagon with Adapter on Sony A or NEX or Similar?

2013-10-10 Sony NEX A7 and A7r: 24 and 36 Megapixels on Full Frame?

2013-10-10 Leica Updates Firmware for M Typ 240

2013-10-10 DSLRs Still Have no EVF Option

2013-10-09 Nikon D610 Makes Solid But Incremental Gains in Performance

2013-10-08 24-megapixel Ricoh Pentax K3, and Pentax DA HD Limited Lenses

2013-09-24 The Perfect Camera for the 80% Case

2013-09-18 Old Geezers Need an EVF: the Rear LCD and Presbyopia are a Bad Combination For Aging Eyes

2013-09-18 A Full-Frame Sony NEX Soon? And Maybe a Surprise?

2013-09-15 Thoughts on a Full-Frame Sony NEX

2013-09-09 Sony RX1R: My Preferred Shooting Configuration

2013-09-03 Sony RX1R: Essay on Its Gestalt Especially vs the Leica M Typ 240

2013-08-26 Leica M Typ 240: Unreliability Continues: Freeze and System Reset

2013-08-19 Sony RX1R Impressions

2013-08-16 Traveling (Mountains)

2013-08-06 Ricoh GR: Close Range Portraits

2013-08-04 Reader Inquiry: Small Cameras, Product Cycles, What’s Coming

2013-08-03 Ricoh GR: Shooting Tips

2013-08-02 Ricoh GR: Optical Viewfinder, but no EVF

2013-07-31 Is the Full Frame DSLR the New Medium Format? What do DSLRs Lack?

2013-07-28 Olympus VF-4 Electronic Viewfinder: Terrific Improvement over Built-In E-M5 EVF

2013-07-24 Micro Four Thirds vs APS-C: Size and Weight Realities

2013-07-14 Leica M Typ 240 Usability

2013-06-28 Leica M Typ 240: Unreliable

2013-06-12 Reader Comment: Leica M Typ 240 with EVF for Noctilux

2013-06-12 EVF Compatibility: Olympus EVF Offerings on Leica M Typ 240

2013-06-11 Leica X Vario: Fixed f/3.5 - f/6.4 Lens on APS-C, no EVF

2013-06-06 EVF Compatibility: Does the Olympus VF4 Work on the Leica M Typ 240?

2013-05-24 Leica Mini M

2013-05-20 Autofocus with Sony NEX-7

2013-05-10 Olympus Introduces PEN E-P5

2013-05-05 Zeiss 50mm f/2 Makro-Planar: Future Potential on ~56 Megapixel DSLR

2013-04-28 EVF or LCD Zoomed-In Focusing Implementations

2013-04-27 Optical and Electronic Viewfinders: EVF + Optical + LCD = Synergy

2013-04-27 Form Factor and Camera Appeal

2013-04-22 Reader Asks: Buy the Leica M Typ 240?

2013-04-19 Why Don’t DSLRs Have Both Optical and Electronic Viewfinders?

2013-04-12 Leica M Typ 240 / M240 Usability

2013-04-12 Commentary + Reader Comments on Leica M

2013-04-10 Reader Comment: Leica M Typ 240 / M240 Features and Cost

2013-03-29 Reader Asks: Optical Viewfinder for Sigma DP Merrill?

2013-03-11 Reader Asks: Leica M Typ 240 / M240 + 50/2 APO or Sigma DP2 Merrill?

2013-03-06 Why an Electronic Viewfinder (EVF) is Not Optional, and Not Sufficient Either

2013-02-17 With the Upgrade in Lens Performances, What About Canon 6D vs Leica M Typ 240 / M240 ?

2013-01-27 Five Appealing Cameras


2012-12-12 Sony RX1 24-Megapixel Ultra-Compact Full-Frame Camera

2012-12-03 Reader Comments: Sigma DP1 Merrill

2012-11-28 Sony RX1 — What Does it Actually Cost?

2012-10-15 An Open Letter to Sigma on the DP1 Merrill

2012-10-06 Sony RX1 24-Megapixel Ultra-Compact Full-Frame Camera

2012-09-18 The New 24-Megapixel Leica M240 from Photokina is a GAME CHANGER for Leica Users

2012-09-17 24-Megapixel CMOS Leica M (Typ 240)

2012-09-14 Shitty Products

2012-09-13 Sony RX1 24-Megapixel Ultra-Compact Full-Frame Camera

2012-09-06 Fujifilm X-E1

2012-06-07 On The Way: Olympus OM-D EM-5 and Leica X2

2012-05-24 Zacuto EVF Electronic Viewfinder

2012-04-14 Fuji X-Pro1+ 35/1.4 Examples

2012-01-31 Another ALLVIEW camera: Ricoh GXR with Leica M Mount

2012-01-23 Q&A Interview with Leica USA


2011-12-29 Sony NEX-7 — Reader Comments on Images and Commentary

2011-06-10 Open Letter to Leica — 10 Ways To Improve the M9 Rangefinder

2011-06-09 Ricoh GXR APS-C Point-And-Shoot With Interchangeable Lens Modules

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