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Digital Sensor Technology

Digital capture technology is discrete, and not the same as film..

Expose To The Right (ETTR)

Maximizing image quality, dynamic range, minimizing digital noise. .

Diffraction

Getting peak performance from your lens.

Nikon D850 Image Quality

Oustanding image quality, but with some limitations..

Nikon D800E

36 megapixels in a compact full-frame DSLR..

Nikon D800 Monochrome Conversion by MaxMax.com

D800 with the RGB Bayer matrix removed for a true monochrome sensor..

Nikon D850 Monochrome Conversion by MaxMax.com

D850 with the RGB Bayer matrix removed for a true monochrome sensor..

Nikon D5

High speed big brick shooter..

Canon EOS 5DS / 5DS R

50 megapixel successor to the 22 megapixel Canon 5D Mark III..

Sony A900

The 24.6 megapixel Sony A900 digital SLR is compared with Canon’ top-of-the-line 21.1MP EOS 1Ds Mark III. A field report including two comparisons with the Canon 1Ds Mark IIII, example images in color and black and white, and the Zeiss ZA 135mm f/1.8 Sonnar. Anti-Shake (SteadyShot) is assessed, as is noise behavior..

Nikon D3x 24.4-megapixel DSLR review

Includes: D3x resolution comparisons (res chart) with Nikon D3, Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III, resolution comparison on outdoor shot with Nikon D3, large examples, large wildlife examples, Nikon 200mm f/2 VR on D3x, long exposure noise ISO series, D3x sensitivity on diffraction, D3x dynamic range at ISO 100 vs ISO 50, D3x vs D3 color and noise..

Noise ×4: Nikon D3x, Nikon D3, Canon 5D Mark II, & Canon 1Ds Mark III

Noise performance of early 2009’ premier digital SLRs. ISOs from 50 through 25600, dark area noise, noise reduction effects, noise versus resolution. Can more smaller pixels beat fewer large ones?.

Nikon vs Canon: noise and sharpness

Nikon vs Canon: Noise and Sharpness.

Stimulating your photographic creativity

Approaches to making fresh new images..

Pentax smc Pentax-D FA 100mm f/2.8 WR Macro

Macro lens focusing to life size 1:1..

Pentax K-3 II (APS-C)

24-megapixel APS-C DSLR with SuperResolution true-color..

Sigma 14mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art

A whopping 4/3 stop faster than other lenses in its range..

Coastal Optics 60mm f/4 UV-VIS-IR APO Macro

A superlative multi-spectral lens with perfect color correction..

Samyang 14mm f/2.8

Ultra wide angle lens for Canon and Nikon..

Image Rendition

Visible spectrum, cameras, color space, infrared vs. color & examples..

Cameras and Examples

Infrared camera choices with examples.

Workflow

What to do after you shoot..

Milvus 15mm f/2.8

Milvus garb for the venerable 15/2.8 Distagon, with improved lens coating..

Milvus 18mm f/2.8

An outstanding 18mm design..

Milvus 35mm f/1.4

Highest performing 35mm from Zeiss ever..

Milvus 85mm f/1.4

Outstanding build and optical quality in a medium tele..

Milvus 135mm f/2

An Otus, in effect. Milvus garb for the 135/2 APO, with improved lens coatings on one element. See the ZF.2/ZE 135/2 review pages..

15mm f/2.8 Distagon

Ultra high performance in an extreme wild wide angle lens..

18mm f/3.5 Distagon

A brilliant, but also colorful character..

21mm f/2.8 Distagon

Brilliant imaging, even wide open, but with a few quirks. (Review in progress) .

25mm f/2 Distagon

Ultra high performance with a fast aperture..

28mm f/2 Distagon

An artist’s drawing tool..

35mm f/1.4 Distagon

Strokes of a master..

Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon

Ultra high performance apochromatic normal lens, first in the Otus line..

Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon Rendering Style

Rendering style, bokeh and beauty..

Otus 85mm f/1.4 APO-Planar Rendering Style

Rendering style, bokeh and 'transparency' without peer..

Otus 100mm f/1.4 APO-Sonnar

Razor sharp with gorgeous bokeh..

135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar

Beautiful bokeh, razor sharp, superb color correction..

Grab Bag

Various articles..

Lenses for Leica M8, Leica M9, M*

Lenses for Leica M cameras, especially the M9.

Infrared

Beyond deep red, seeing the invisible..

Infrared Cameras Compared

Infrared Cameras Compared: Fuji S3 Pro UVIR, Nikon D70-IR, Canon EOS 5D-IR ..

Nikon D200 vs D2x

Vintage 2006 comparative review of Nikon D200 vs Nikon D2x..

Sony Alpha A7R II

Attention to details: a big upgrade over the A7R..

Sony Alpha A9

Blackout-free 20 fps speed demon..

Sony FE 100mm f/2.8 STF GM

Razor sharp medium telephoto with apodization filter..

Samyang FE 24mm T/1.5

Wide angle lens adapted from DSLR, native E-mount, all manual..

Olympus Zuiko 75mm f/1.8 ED Telephoto

Beautiful bokeh, long reach fast speed, compact lens..

Panasonic Leica DG Summilux 25mm f/1.4 ASPH Micro 4/3

A fast and lovely 'normal' lens (50mm equiv) for Micro 4/3..

Olympus OM-D E-M1

A worthy upddate to the E-M5 with pro-grade build quality..

Olympus OM-D E-M5

Superb ergonomic design in a compact camera..

Comparisons across format.

Can smaller sensor cameras compete with larger ones on any basis?.

Fujifilm X-Pro2

Fujifilm's 24MP APS-C offering..

Sony NEX-7 and NEX-5N

24 or 16 megapixels in a compact body with APS-C sensor..

Zeiss Touit 12mm f/2.8 Distagon

Ultra wide angle lens for Sony NEX or Fujifilm X..

Zeiss Touit 32mm f/1.8 Planar

Normal lens for Sony NEX or Fujifilm X..

Leica X Vario

Leica’s 28-70mm APS-C compact camera..

Panoramas with the iPhone 6s Plus

Shooting + post processing tips with high-res examples..

Sigma Photo Pro Software 5.x

Sigma’s raw file processing software, version 5.x..

Sigma sd Quattro

Mirrorless Sigma Quattro sensor with interchangeable lenses..

Sigma dp0 Quattro

21mm f/5.6 equivalent FOV lens..

Sigma dp2 Quattro

45mm f/2.8 equivalent FOV lens..

Sigma DP1 Merrill

28mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Sigma DP2 Merrill

45mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Sigma DP3 Merrill

75mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Sigma DP-2 with Foveon X3 sensor

[Archive] Sigma DP-2 with the amazing Foveon X3 sensor (original, LOW RES camera, not a Merrill)..

Leica M Typ 240 In Use

Overall design and behavior..

Leica M Monochrom (original)

Ultimate resolution in black and white..

Leica M Monochrom Typ 246

24-megapixel CMOS monochrome sensor..

Leica M Monochrom In the Field

Field shooting the Leica MM, and comparisons..

Leica 21mm f/3.4 Super-Elmar-M ASPH

Leica’s best-performing 21mm..

Leica 28mm f/2 Summicron-M ASPH (pre-2016)

Leica’s widest lens utilizing built-in frame lines..

Leica 50mm f/1.4 Summilux-M ASPH

Leica’s superlative normal lens..

Leica 50mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH

The world’s best 50mm lens is outstanding, but with some limits..

Zeiss ZM 21mm f/4.5 C-Biogon

Zero distortion ultra-wide..

Zeiss ZM 35mm f/2 Biogon

All around razor sharp performer..


Blog posts, reverse chronological

2019

2019-10-30 Zeiss Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon Aperture Series: Surviving Aspen (Nikon D850 monochrome)

2019-10-28 Why I use ISO 31 on the Nikon D850 / Nikon D850 monochrome

2019-10-24 Nikon D850 monochrome Examples: Eastern Sierra Man-Made Structures

2019-10-24 Color vs Monochrome Cameras: Nikon D850 monochrome vs Unmodified Nikon D850 (Mining Warning Sign)

2019-10-13 Various Zeiss Milvus and Zeiss Otus Lenses Now with Monochrome Examples from Nikon D850

2019-10-13 Razor Sharp Zeiss Milvus 135mm f/2 Aperture Series on Nikon D850 Monochrome: Pine Creek Mining Buildings from Pine Creek Trail (up to 183 megapixels)

2019-10-13 Nikon D850 monochrome: Creating a Color Image from Monochrome Using Filters

2019-10-08 Nikon D850: the Last Best Camera for Monochrome?

2019-10-06 Epic Monochrome Panoramas at Pine Creek, Rock Creek with Nikon D850 monochrome

2019-10-04 You Won’t Believe Your Eyes... Zeiss Milvus 135mm f/2 Aperture Series on Nikon D850 Monochrome: Pine Creek Mining Buildings (up to 183 megapixels)

2019-10-04 Jaw-Dropping Sharpness with Zeiss Milvus 85mm f/1.4 Aperture Series on Nikon D850 Monochrome: Pine Creek Mining Buildings (up to 181 megapixels)

2019-10-03 Nikon D850 monochrome: Pine Creek Peaks and Crescent Moon, Dusk

2019-10-03 Nikon D850 monochrome: Creating a Color Image from Monochrome Using Filters

2019-10-02 Zeiss Milvus 35mm f/1.4 Aperture Series on Nikon D850 Monochrome: Fresh Snow, Bright Sun and Racing Clouds on Mountainside

2019-09-28 Nikon D850 Monochrome Examples in Eastern Sierra, Focus Stacked and Presented at Up to 182 Megapixels

2019-09-27 Nikon D850 Monochrome: Blending Two Exposure Bracketed Frames for a 4X Reduction in Noise

2019-09-23 Nikon D850 Monochrome Examples, Eastern Sierra

2019-09-20 Upscaling/Uprezzing Images: Gigapixel AI Stuns Versus Photoshop Upscaling

2019-09-19 LibRaw Monochrome2DNG and PixelShift2DNG Are Indispensible for my Current Tasks

2019-09-19 Frame Averaging for Ultra Low Noise with the Nikon D850 Monochrome (but works for any camera, color or monochrome): Moots MootoX YBB 29er

2019-09-17 Nikon D850 Monochrome: Initial Example, and Frame Averaging for Ultra Low Noise (updated with comments, Sony A7R IV Potential)

2019-09-13 Nikon D850 Monochrome

2019-01-15 25% Off Coupon Code for Software by LibRaw: RawDigger, FastRawViewer, Monochrome2DNG

2017

2017-10-10 Nikon D850 as a High Quality Black and White Camera? (and better than M Monochrom Type 246 for sure)

2017-06-04 Sony A9: Two Examples of Pattern/Banding Noise at ISO 100 (Pine Creek Skyline, Mt Tom) + Reader Comments

2017-04-21 Sony FE 100mm f/2.8 STF GM OSS — Portraits

2017-04-17 Fujifilm GFX Dynamic Range: Kitchen HDR

2017-04-07 Fujifilm GFX Dynamic Range Under Real Field Conditions: “Lundy Canyon Boulders and High Clouds”

2017-01-18 Fujifilm GFX 50 Megapixel Medium Format Announced: Hi-Res Display Wonder (EVF, Rear LCD, Top Panel)

2016

2016-11-23 Leica Firmware Update for M Monochrom, M-E, M9, M9P

2016-08-08 Sigma sd Quattro JPEG File Quality in Black and White + sd Quattro JPEG bug in Black and White + fix

2016-05-25 Pentax 100mm f/2.8 Macro Aperture Series: Burghers of Calais (Pentax K1 SuperRes)

2016-04-29 Leica Releases new Firmware for M240 and Monochrom, includes “black dots” fix

2016-04-09 Nikon D5 ISO Series from 50 to 102400: Color vs Black and White

2016-03-27 Fujifilm X-Pro2: Studying 'Grain Effect' in Black and White Conversions

2016-03-27 Fujifilm X-Pro2: ACROS Film Simulations vs Photoshop Black and White Options

2016-02-04 iMac 5K for Stunning Black and White Images

2015

2015-10-02 No Word from Leica on the Leica M Monochrom Typ 246 “Black Dot in White Spot” Artifacts

2015-09-06 Leica M Monochrom: $2000 off, vs the better and Cheaper Alternatives

2015-07-14 UPDATE: Leica M Monochrom Typ 246: “Black Dot in White Spot” Artifacts CONFIRMED by Leica, to be fixed with firmware update

2015-07-06 UPDATE: Leica M Monochrom Typ 246: “Black Dot in White Spot” Artifacts

2015-06-30 Canon 5DS R Examples in Color and Monochrome

2015-06-29 Heresy: Canon 5DS R as a Black and White Camera Better Than Leica M Monochrom Type 246?

2015-06-21 Canon 5DS R is a Sharper and More Versatile Monochrome Camera than Leica M Monochrom Typ 246

2015-06-20 Canon 5DS R: Comments on Image Quality and Various

2015-06-17 Canon 5DS R: Sharpness, Noise, Monochrome Potential

2015-06-16 Canon 5DS R: Sharpness, Noise, Monochrome Potential

2015-06-15 Really Right Stuff Base Plate and L Bracket for the Leica M Typ 240 Fits the Leica M Monochrom Typ 246

2015-06-11 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246 as an Infrared Camera

2015-06-11 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246 Examples: Hoover Wilderness Area

2015-06-07 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246: At Least Two Sensor Column Defects

2015-06-07 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246: Amazing Sharpness (examples)

2015-06-06 Shootout: Leica M Monochrom Typ 246 vs Leica M Typ 240

2015-06-06 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246: “Black Dot in White Spot” Artifacts

2015-06-03 Snow in the Hoover Wilderness

2015-05-31 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246 In the Field: Dynamic Range

2015-05-29 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246 In the Field

2015-05-27 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246: ISO Series from 320 to 25,600 (Dolls)

2015-05-27 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246: Aperture Series to Assess Diffraction and Digital Artifacts (Dolls)

2015-05-27 Leica 24-Megapixel Leica M Monochrom Typ 246 Arrives for Testing

2015-05-14 OS X Photos App Corrupts Library if used with Leica M Monochrom Files

2015-05-07 Leica 24-Megapixel Leica M Monochrom Typ 246 Starts Shipping

2014

2014-12-10 Reader Comments: Sigma DP Merrill vs Alternatives

2014-10-11 Zeiss ZM 35mm f/1.4 Distagon Aperture Series: Granite Glacial Polish to Cloud’s Rest

2014-02-10 Sigma dp2 Quattro as Monochrome Camera?

2014-02-03 Samyang FE 24mm T/1.5 Cine E-Mount on Sony A7

2013

2013-12-05 Nikon D800 Monochrome with 135/2 APO-Sonnar, More Examples

2013-12-04 Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: Aperture Series on Nikon D800 Monochrome

2013-12-04 More Examples with the Nikon D800 Monochrome

2013-12-02 Nikon D800M (Pure Monochrome), Reviewed

2013-11-30 Debayering a Color Sensor

2013-11-28 A 36-megapixel Pure Monochrome Camera (Modified Nikon D800)

2013-09-06 Samyang 14mm f/2.8 Ultra Wide Angle Lens: Black and White Conversion

2013-09-04 Leica X Vario: Color vs Black and White

2013-04-25 Leica M Monochrom with Leica 50mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH: Study of Focus

2013-04-15 Coastal Optics 60mm f/4 UV-VIS-IR APO-Macro on Leica M Typ 240 / M240 [using Novoflex Nikon to M Adapter]

2013-04-10 Leica M Monochrome with Color Filters and Leica 50mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH

2013-04-05 Nikon Coolpix A: Aperture Series in Color and Black and White

2013-04-03 Mini Travelogue: Leica M Monochrom in Pine Creek Canyon (Eastern Sierra)

2013-03-14 Sigma DP Merrill: Monochrome Mode in Sigma Photo Pro

2013-03-11 Reader Asks: Leica M Typ 240 / M240 + 50/2 APO or Sigma DP2 Merrill?

2013-01-27 Five Appealing Cameras

2012

2012-12-23 Fujifilm X-Pro1 Artifacts: Presented in Color and Black and White

2012-11-29 ETTR (Expose to the Right) — An Essential Skill to Master for Image Quality

2012-10-10 Reader Asks: Why Do Color Filters Matter on the Leica M Monochrom?

2012-10-09 Sigma DP1 Merrill — Really Interesting Sensor, Crashing Sigma Software

2012-10-08 Nikon D800E vs Leica M Monochrom: 28mm Comparison

2012-10-08 Leica M Monochrom vs Leica M9P In the Field (Saddlebag Overlook)

2012-10-08 Can a 36MP DSLR Compete with an 18MP Leica M Monochrom? — 21mm Comparison

2012-10-07 Can a 36MP DSLR Compete with an 18MP Leica M Monochrom?

2012-10-04 Field Shooting the Leica M Monocrom

2012-09-27 Leica M Monochrom — Sharpness With Filters

2012-09-25 Leica M Monochrom In Use

2012-09-24 Leica M Monochrom By Night

2012-09-17 Guide to Leica: Leica M Monochrom vs Sigma DP1 Merrill

2012-09-16 Sigma DP1 Merrill — Aperture Series and Color and Monochrome

2012-09-16 Compared: Leica M Monochrom vs Leica M9P

2012-09-15 Leica M Monochrom: ISO 320 Noise with +1, +2, +3, +4 “Push”

2012-09-15 Leica M Monochrom Histogram Delay (Bug?)

2012-09-15 Compared: Leica M Monochrom vs Nikon D800E

2012-09-15 Compared: 18-megapixel Leica M Monochrom vs 36-megapixel Nikon D800E — UPSAMPLED

2012-09-14 Leica M Monochrom LCD Display Options

2012-09-14 Leica M Monochrom First Examples

2012-09-14 Leica M Monochrom Dynamic Range

2012-09-13 Leica M Monochrom In My Hands

2012-09-12 Leica M Monochrom — Arrives Tomorrow 9/13

2012-09-05 Leica M Monochrom — On the Way Soon

2012-08-30 Leica M Monochrom Update

2012-08-26 Olympus Zuiko 75mm f/1.8 ED Aperture Series (Black & White, Aspens)

2012-08-24 Leica M Monochrom Arrives in USA

2012-08-19 Leica M Monochrom Delivers to Customers in Europe

2012-07-22 Olympus OM-D E-M5 — Why Not Offer a Monochrome version?

2012-07-13 Leica M Monochrom and Leica 50/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH

2012-06-02 Leica M Monochrom and Leica 50/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH

2012-05-21 Thoughts on Leica M Monochrom

2012-05-21 Filtration for Leica M Monochrom to Improve Image Sharpness and Tonal Separation

2012-05-14 18-Megapixel Leica M Monochrom vs Nikon D800 Black & White

2012-05-10 Leica M Monochrom — 18-Megapixel Monochrome Sensor

2008

2008-10-18 Monochrome sensors — guest author Pete Myers

2008-07-18 Update on PhaseOne P45+ 39 megapixel Monochrome back

2008-07-09 PhaseOne monochrome medium-format digital back

2008-04-07 Canon G9 infrared

2007

2007-08-10 Nikon’s true-color sensor patent

2007-07-28 PhaseOne monochrome digital back followup

2007-07-27 Monochrome vs color filter array (Bayer) sensor

2007-07-26 PhaseOne monochrome medium format digital back

2007-07-16 Why no high-res, high-quality monochrome?

2006

2006-08-09 The Fujifilm S3 Pro UVIR camera

2006-01-06 Whither the digital monochrome camera?

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