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Nikon AF-S 70-200mm f/4 ED VR and 70-200mm f/2.8 ED VR II

Which speed zoom for the Nikon D800/D800E?.

Nikon AF-S 70-200mm f/2.8G ED VR II

Nikon’s bread and butter telephoto zoom.

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 200mm f/2G ED VR II

Ultra fast 200mm with gorgeous bokeh and high resolving power..

Canon EOS 5D Mark II review

Canon 5D Mark II impressions.

Canon 14mm f/2.8L II

In-depth review of the Canon EF 14mm f/2.8L II including flare, distortion, field curvature, resolution charts, numerous field examples and comparison to the Nikon 14-24mm f/2.8G. The Canon EF 14/2.8L II is a superb lens, but with some peculiarities which may enhance or degrade its appeal for different uses. The review is as much a “user guide” as a review; even if you use this lens it’s well worth your time to read this review..

Voigtlander 20mm, 28mm, 40mm, 58mm, 90mm Lenses for Nikon and Canon

In-depth review evaluates ergonomics, flare, bokeh, vignetting, focus shift, sharpness. Includes comparisons with Zeiss ZF 35/2 Distagon, Nikon 45mm f/2.8P and NOCT-Nikkor 58/1.2. Reviewed on Nikon, but now available for Canon EOS..

Voigtlander 40mm f/2.8 SL II Color-Skopar

Ultra compact normal lens..

Shift Lenses for Nikon and Canon

[Older material, but still relevant]. Shift lens performance of Nikon/Canon/Schneider/Olympus on various cameras..

Landscape Photography at Wide Apertures

Escape the banale postcard look by shooting landscapes at f/1.4 or f/0.95..

Pentax HD DA Limited 20-40mm f/2.8-4 ED DC WR

APS-C mid-range zoom equivalent to 30-60mm on full-frame..

Canon 40mm f/2.8 STM

Canon’s tiny and lovely pancake lens..

Canon 50mm Lenses

Is Canon’s f/1.2 lens really better than an inexpensive f/1.4 or f/1.8?.

Canon 85mm f/1.4L IS USM

Canon’s best-ever medium telephoto and with image stabilization..

Canon 85mm Lenses

Canon’s ultra-fast medium telephoto compared and in the field.

Canon 35mm f/1.4L II

Canon’s updated fast 35mm prime, evaluated on Canon 5DS R..

Sigma 24-70mm f/2.8 DG HSM Art

High performance mid-range zoom..

Sigma 14mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art

A whopping 4/3 stop faster than other lenses in its range..

Sigma 20mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

The fastest extreme wide angle yet..

Sigma 24mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Sigma’s fast high performance wide angle..

Sigma 28mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Extraordinary optical efforts for outstanding performance..

Sigma 35mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Sigma’s fast and affordable moderate excellent wide angle..

Sigma 40mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Extraordinary optical efforts for outstanding performance..

Sigma 50mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Sigma’s fast high performance normal lens..

Sigma 105mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Extraordinary optical efforts for class-leading performance?.

Sigma 135mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art

Fastest 135mm lens yet, with ultra high performance..

Schneider PC-TS Perspective Control Tilt/Shift Lenses

Tilt/Shift by Schneider for Canon and Nikon and other brands..

Sigma 50mm f/1.4 EX DG HSM on Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III

The Sigma 50mm f/1.4 is a worthy contender in the crowded 50mm area. See how it performs compared to the Canon EF 50/1.4 and EF 50/1.2L..

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 50mm f/1.4G

Nikon’s latest 50mm lens compared with the Zeiss ZF 50/1.4, Nikon 50/1.4D and Sigma 50/1.4..

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 58mm f/1.4G

Nikon’s High performance normal lens.

Canon 24mm f/1.4L II

State of the art design in a fast ultra wide angle lens..

Nikon AF Micro Nikkor 200mm f/4.0D IF-ED

Nikon’s workhorse 200mm macro lens, and not just sharp at close-ups!.

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 20mm f/1.8G

Nikon’s fast ultra wide angle..

Nikon AF-S 24mm f/1.4G ED

State of the art design in a fast 24mm lens. Includes full-resolution images at f/1.4..

Olympus Zuiko Auto-S 50mm f/1.2

An ultra-fast older design still offers appeal on modern digital..

Coastal Optics 60mm f/4 UV-VIS-IR APO Macro

A superlative multi-spectral lens with perfect color correction..

Canon 24-70mm f/2.8L II and 24-70mm f/4L IS

Canon’s premium mid-range zooms..

Nikon AF-S 28mm f/1.8G

A fast moderate wide angle lens with some practical difficulties..

Nikon AF-S 35mm f/1.4G

State of the art design in a fast 35mm lens..

Nikon AF-S 85mm f/1.4G

State of the art design in a fast 85mm lens..

Nikon AF-S 105mm f/1.4E ED

Nikon’s best-ever f/1.4 lens?.

Nikon 105mm f/2 DC

Strong telephoto lens with special control over spherical aberration..

Canon 200mm f/1.8L USM

Coveted super speed telephoto..

Canon 200mm f/2L IS USM

A review of Canon’s 200mm f/2L mini super telephoto. Not just for sports, it makes a great landscape lens..

Hartblei 40/80/120mm SuperRotators

Medium format Zeiss glass in Hartblei precision tilt/shift lens barrels!.

Nikon 24mm Lens Choices

Options for a 24mm lens: Nikon 14-24/2.8G, Nikon 24-70/2.8G, Nikon 24/2 AI-S, Nikon PC-E 24/3.5. Sharpness, distortion, flare, field curvature, shooting impression and ergonomics..

Focus Shift In-Depth

Focus shift assesments of a wide variety of lenses of various brands. Shows a range of apertures for each lens and the mount of focus shift, discusses how to compensate for it..

Milvus 25mm f/1.4

Highest performing 25mm from Zeiss ever..

Milvus 35mm f/1.4

Highest performing 35mm from Zeiss ever..

Milvus 50mm f/1.4

Outstanding build and optical quality in a normal lens..

Milvus 85mm f/1.4

Outstanding build and optical quality in a medium tele..

Milvus 100mm f/2M

The classic 100/2 Makro-Planar improved..

Introduction

Start here to best utilize this guide..

Optical Performance

Sharpness and rendering..

18mm f/3.5 Distagon

A brilliant, but also colorful character..

25mm f/2 Distagon

Ultra high performance with a fast aperture..

25mm f/2.8 Distagon

A gem with unusual close-focus..

28mm f/2 Distagon

An artist’s drawing tool..

35mm f/1.4 Distagon

Strokes of a master..

35mm f/2 Distagon

Balance and poise..

50mm f/1.4 Planar

Brilliant imaging in a compact package..

50mm f/2 Makro-Planar

Versatility in a “normal” lens and macro too!.

Otus 28mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon

Fast high performance APO wide angle..

Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon Rendering Style

Rendering style, bokeh and beauty..

Otus 85mm f/1.4 APO-Planar

Ultra high performance apochromatic medium telephoto, overview and technical..

Otus 85mm f/1.4 APO-Planar Rendering Style

Rendering style, bokeh and 'transparency' without peer..

Otus 100mm f/1.4 APO-Sonnar

Razor sharp with gorgeous bokeh..

85mm f/1.4 Planar

True-to-life imagery..

100mm f/2 Makro-Planar

King of bokeh! Corner-to-corner sharpness, world class..

135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar

Beautiful bokeh, razor sharp, superb color correction..

Conclusions

Summary and wrap-up..

Canon RF 85mm f/1.2L USM

High speed portrait lens optimized for Canon mirrorless..

Canon RF 28-70mm f/2L USM

Bread and butter all-around zoom..

Nikon NIKKOR Z 58mm f/0.95 S Noct

Ultra high speed normal lens, flagship of the line..

Nikon NIKKOR Z 14-30mm f/4 S

Ultra wide compact zoom for Nikon Z cameras..

Nikon NIKKOR Z 24-70mm f/2.8 S

Fast mid-range zoom expressly designed for Nikon Z cameras..

Nikon NIKKOR Z 24-70mm f/4 S

Mid-range zoom expressly designed for Nikon Z cameras..

Sony FE 20mm f/1.8 G

Compact ultra-wide angle lens..

Sony FE 24mm f/1.4 GM

High performance wide angle..

Sony FE 35mm f/1.4 Distagon ZA

Fast and gorgeous moderate wide angle Zeiss design..

Sony Planar T* FE 50mm f/1.4 ZA

Fast high performance normal lens of Zeiss design..

Sony FE 35mm f/2.8 ZA Sonnar

Compact moderate wide angle for Sony mirrorless..

Sony FE 55mm f/1.8 ZA Sonnar

Compact normal lens for full-frame Sony mirrorless..

Sony FE 85mm f/1.4 GM

Top-grade medium telephoto..

Sony FE 100mm f/2.8 STF GM

Razor sharp medium telephoto with apodization filter..

Sony FE 135mm f/1.4 GM

Top-grade telephoto..

Sigma 14-24mm f/2.8 DG DN Art

Native-mount ultra wide angle high performance zoom for mirrorless..

Sigma 24-70mm f/2.8 DG DN Art

Native-mount ultra wide angle high performance zoom for mirrorless..

Sigma 35mm f/1.2 DG DN Art

Ultra high speed native-mount moderate wide angle..

Sigma 45mm f/2.8 DG DN Contemporary

Compact native-mount normal lens..

Sigma 105mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Highly corrected medium telephoto..

Voigtlander FE 21mm f/1.4 Aspherical

Fast high performance manual focus wide angle..

Voigtlander FE Nokton Classic 35mm f/1.4

Fast lens speed with curious rendering..

Voigtlander FE Nokton 40mm f/1.2 Aspherical

Fast lens speed for versatile rendering..

Voigtlander FE 50mm f/2 APO-Lanthar Aspherical

High-grade manual focus normal lens..

Voigtlander FE 65mm f/2 Macro APO-Lanthar Aspherical

Ultra high grade performer at a modest price..

Voigtlander Nokton 42.5mm f/0.95

Ultra fast medium telephoto manual focus lens..

Meyer-Optik Gorlitz Nocturnus 50mm f/0.95 II

Speed to match the Leica Noctilux-M, based on Mitakon Zonghyi optics..

Sony FE 16-35mm f/2.8 GM

Pro-grade f/2.8 wide angle zoom..

Sony FE 16-35mm f/4 ZA OSS Vario-Tessar

Comapact ultra-wide zoom for Sony full frame mirrorless..

Sony FE 24-70mm f/2.8 GM

Premiere mid-range zoom for Sony full frame mirrorless.

Sony FE 24-70mm f/4 OSS Vario-Tessar

Comapact mid-range zoom for Sony full frame mirrorless.

Venus Optics Laowa 105mm f/2 STF

Manual focus apodized lens for ultra smooth focus..

Ricoh GR

Razor sharp 28mm lens on APS-C sensor and outstanding usability and features..

Sony Cybershot RX1R II

Diminutive full-frame camera with 35mm f/2 fixed lens..

Sony Cybershot DSC-RX1 / RX1R

Full frame camera in an ultra-compact body with or without anti-aliasing filter..

Sony DSC-RX10 III

Stunningly high image quality in a 20MP point and wide range zoom..

Olympus Zuiko 12-40mm f/2.8 PRO Zoom

A high performance mid-range zoom..

Sigma DN 19mm f/2.8

Wide angle for Micro Four Thirds or Sony E Mount/NEX..

Panasonic Leica DG Nocticron 42.5mm f/1.2 ASPH

Fast, bright and highly corrected medium telephoto..

Fujifilm X-Pro1

Interchangeable lenses on a 16MP APS-C sensor.

Fujifilm Fujinon XF 56mm f/1.2

A bright short telephoto lens..

Fujifilm XF 56mm f/1.2 APD

Apodization filter version of the 56/1.2..

Fujifilm XF 90mm f/2 R LM WR

Medium-long fast telephoto..

Zeiss Loxia 21mm f/2.8 Distagon

Outstanding ultra wide angle performer..

Zeiss Loxia 25mm f/2.4 Distagon

Outstanding wide angle, superb performer..

Zeiss Loxia 50mm f/2 Planar

Manual focus normal lens for full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Batis 18mm f/2.8 Distagon

Autofocus extreme wide angle for Sony full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Batis 40mm f/2

All-around slightly wide angle/normal with close focus..

Zeiss Batis 85mm f/1.8 Sonnar

Autofocus portrait lens for Sony full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Touit 12mm f/2.8 Distagon

Ultra wide angle lens for Sony NEX or Fujifilm X..

Zeiss Touit 32mm f/1.8 Planar

Normal lens for Sony NEX or Fujifilm X..

Sigma DP3 Merrill

75mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Considerations in choosing a lens.

Focal lengths, color, weight and travel considerations. [relevant, but dated/old material].

Leica 24mm f/1.4 Summilux-M ASPH

Leica’s fast wide angle..

Leica 35mm f/1.4 Summilux-M ASPH (2010 FLE)

Leica’s superlative and most natural lens for the M..

Leica M 50mm Lenses

Six models to choose from..

Leica 50mm f/0.95 Noctilux-M ASPH

World’s fastest 50mm full-frame lens..

50/0.95 Noctilux Rendering Style

Understanding the Rendering Style of the Noctilux..

Leica 50mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH

The world’s best 50mm lens is outstanding, but with some limits..

Leica 50mm f/2 Summicron-M

Leica’s compact low-distortion normal lens..

Leica 75mm f/1.25 Noctilux-M ASPH

Leica’s ultra high grade and ultra fast modern short telephoto..

Leica 75mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH

Leica’s medium tele for Leica M..

Leica 75mm f/2.4 (2.5) Summarit-M

Leica’s budget 75mm medium telephoto..

Leica 90mm f/2 APO-Summicron-R ASPH

Compact lens for portraiture or similar..

Zeiss ZM 35mm f/1.4 Distagon

Fast and ultra high performance moderate wide angle rangefinder lens..

Zeiss ZM 35mm f/1.4 Distagon on Leica SL

A star performer sets the standard on the SL..

Zeiss ZM 85mm f/4 Tele-Tessar

Compact high performance medium telephoto..

Voigtlander M 50mm f/1.1

A slightly slower, but smaller and lighter alternative to the Noctilux, at 1/10 the price..


Blog posts, reverse chronological

2020

2020-01-07 Sigma 40mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art is an outstanding lens with beautiful bokeh — $400 off today only

2019

2019-09-02 Sigma 45mm f/2.8 DG DN Contemporary Aperture Series: Orange Flower

2019-02-10 Canon RF 28-70mm f/2L Aperture Series: Bokeh with Out-of-Focus Speculars (Canon EOS R)

2018

2018-10-22 Zeiss Batis 40mm f/4 CF: Bokeh Wide Open at f/2 Shows Nonagonal Shape of Lens Diaphragm

2018-09-30 Sony 85mm f/1.4 GM Aperture Series for Bokeh / Visual Impact: Aspen Trunks at Rock Creek

2018-09-25 Sigma’s Fast New Art Lenses, Plus What Looks to be a 'Killer' 70-200mm f/2.8 Zoom

2018-09-06 LensBaby Sol 45mm f/3.5

2018-08-24 Nikon NIKKOR Z 58mm f/0.95 S Noct

2018-07-13 Three Sigma for Sony 70mm f/2.8 DG Macro Aperture Series: Closed Flower Seedheads, Yellow Flower, Crooked Pine

2018-06-22 Bokeh Shootout: Leica 90mm f/2.2 Thambar-M vs Nikon 105mm f/2 DC: Bird of Paradise

2018-05-25 Sigma 105mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

2017

2017-09-01 Voigtlander 65mm f/2 Macro APO-Lanthar Bokeh Series: Backlit Trees

2017-05-17 Sony FE 16-35mm f/2.8 GM

2017-02-24 Sigma Announces 24-70mm f/2.8 DG HSM Art for Nikon and Canon DSLRs and Sigma sa

2017-02-24 Sigma Announces 14mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art for Nikon and Canon DSLRs and Sigma sa

2017-02-24 Sigma Announces 135mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art for Nikon and Canon DSLRs and Sigma sa

2017-02-14 Hasselblad XCD 90mm f/3.2: Unusual Bokeh for Out-of-Focus Blurs

2016

2016-09-17 Zeiss Milvus 100mm f/2M: Many Examples + Bokeh Aperture Series

2016-09-08 Zeiss Announces 3 Milvus Lenses for Nikon and Canon DSLRs

2016-07-11 NEW Sony Planar T* FE 50mm f/1.4 ZA for Sony Mirrorless

2015

2015-10-22 The Irrational Aim of f/1.4 Lenses

2015-10-21 Impressions of 4K Television

2015-09-17 King of Bokeh, well-controlled SLOCA?

2015-04-13 Making Sharp Images: Updated Bokeh Examples

2015-04-10 Leica 75mm f/2.4 Summarit-M: Bokeh for Defocused Point Sources

2015-04-09 Leica 75mm f/2.4 Summarit-M: Veiling Flare, and Bokeh

2015-03-23 Compared: Fujifilm XF 56mm f/1.2 APD vs Fujifilm XF 56mm f/1.2 (Mannequin and Glass Bottles)

2015-03-23 Compared: Fujifilm XF 56mm f/1.2 APD vs Fujifilm XF 56mm f/1.2

2015-03-10 Fujifilm XF 56mm f/1.2 APD (Bokeh)

2014

2014-11-28 Sony FE 16-35mm f/4 ZA OSS Vario-Tessar: Bokeh Series, In-Focus and Defocused

2014-11-08 Zeiss Loxia 50/2 Planar Aperture Series: Understory Aspen Bokeh

2014-05-13 My Most Important Publication: Making Sharp Images

2014-04-11 Nikon 50mm f/1.2 AIS Aperture Series, DeChambeau Sidelit Barn

2014-04-10 Sigma 50mm f/1.4 DG HSM 'Art' (for Canon, Nikon, etc)

2014-01-22 Sigma 50mm f/1.4 DG HSM 'Art' (for Canon, Nikon, etc)

2014-01-06 Sigma 50mm f/1.4 DG HSM 'Art' (for Canon, Nikon, etc)

2013

2013-12-07 Sony A7R: Aperture Series Redwood Stump, Cross-Eyed Bokeh

2013-11-14 Nikon 50mm f/1.2 AIS Aperture Series, DeChambeau Ranch House, D800E

2013-11-13 Nikon 50mm f/1.2 AIS Aperture Series, Cottonwood Stump, D800E

2013-10-28 Zeiss 85mm f/1.4 Planar: Bokeh Study (Aspen at Dawn, Nikon D800E)

2013-08-31 Sony RX1R: Rendering Style

2013-07-31 Ricoh GR Bokeh, and Its Unusual Lens

2013-07-19 Fujifilm Fujinon 60mm f/2.4 Macro Aperture Series: Pot on Stove (Fujifilm X-E1)

2013-07-17 Leica 50mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH: Tuolumne River Aperture Series (Leica M Typ 240)

2013-07-13 Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: Bristlecone Branches Bokeh (Nikon D800E)

2013-07-04 Leica 50mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH: Bokeh / Blur

2013-07-01 Ricoh GR Digital: More Examples and Bokeh

2013-05-31 Zeiss Touit 12mm f/2.8 Distagon: Aperture Series Sharpness, Bokeh (Picnic Table, Sony NEX-7)

2013-05-16 Zeiss Touit 32mm f/1.8 Planar: Bokeh (Glassware)

2013-05-11 Zeiss Touit 32mm f/1.8 Planar: Examples

2013-03-20 Just Peachy

2013-02-27 Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: Out of Focus Specular Bokeh

2013-02-27 Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: Examples for Bokeh Evaluation

2013-02-10 Reader Comment: Fast Lenses Wide Open

2012

2012-11-02 Canon 24-70mm f/2.8L II: Bokeh at f/2.8 Outdoors (Alpine Creek)

2012-10-30 Canon 24-70mm f/2.8L II: Bokeh and Correcting Color Fringing

2012-09-05 Canon 85mm f/1.2L II As a Landscape Lens, Wide Open or Stopped Down? Five Aperture Series

2012-03-16 Reader Comments: Zeiss 15/2.8 Distagon

2011

2011-05-11 Reader Comments

2011-04-18 Bokeh Examples with Nikon D3x and Zeiss 35mm f/1.4 Distagon

2010

2010-12-13 Zeiss 50mm f/1.4 Planar new examples

2010-09-26 Reviewed! Nikon AF-S Nikkor 85mm f/1.4G

2010-09-18 Carl Zeiss 35mm f/1.4 Distagon bokeh (a few more)

2010-09-17 Carl Zeiss 35mm f/1.4 Distagon bokeh

2010-09-15 Nikon 85mm f/1.4G first impressions

2010-09-01 Zeiss 35mm f/1.4 Distagon for Nikon and Canon

2010-07-24 Aperture shape — is it circular? Does it matter for bokeh?

2010-05-30 The way it blurs (bokeh)

2010-05-11 Nikon 24mm f/1.4G focus shift and color bokeh page

2010-04-12 Carl Zeiss on “Depth of Field and Bokeh”

2009

2009-12-14 Two serious issues in Nikon 70-200/2.8G VR II

2009-05-09 Color bokeh — Canon 85/1.2L II

2007

2007-07-30 Zeiss 100mm f/2 Makro-Planar

2007-07-08 Zeiss 100mm f/2 Makro-Planar — best of the best

Sony 12-24mm f/2.8 GM

NEW! Available for pre-order.

3 XA Elements, 2 Super ED elements, nano AR II and fluorine coatings, four focusing motors, dust and moisture sealed.

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