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Faux HDR and High Dynamic Range

Tips for processing high dynamic range images..

Expose To The Right (ETTR)

Maximizing image quality, dynamic range, minimizing digital noise.

Nikon D850

The best becomes better..

Nikon D850 Image Quality

Oustanding image quality, but with some limitations..

Nikon D810

Improvements on the workhorse D800E..

Nikon D800E

36 megapixels in a compact full-frame DSLR..

Nikon D800 / D800E Image Quality Best Practices

Image quality best practices and how-to with the Nikon D800/D800E..

Nikon D800E vs Canon EOS 5D Mark III

Comparing the 2012/2013 high-res pro DSLRs..

Nikon D5

High speed big brick shooter..

Canon EOS 1D X

18 megapixel big black brick, Canon’s top of the line DSLR..

Canon EOS 5D Mark III

22 megapixel successor to the popular 5D Mark II..

Canon EOS 5DS / 5DS R

50 megapixel successor to the 22 megapixel Canon 5D Mark III..

Nikon D3s

Nikon D3s low-light versatile DSLR..

Nikon AF-S 70-200mm f/2.8G ED VR II

Nikon’s bread and butter telephoto zoom.

Nikon D3x 24.4-megapixel DSLR review

Includes: D3x resolution comparisons (res chart) with Nikon D3, Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III, resolution comparison on outdoor shot with Nikon D3, large examples, large wildlife examples, Nikon 200mm f/2 VR on D3x, long exposure noise ISO series, D3x sensitivity on diffraction, D3x dynamic range at ISO 100 vs ISO 50, D3x vs D3 color and noise..

Long exposures with Nikon D3x, D3, Canon 5D Mark II

Long exposure noise performance with the Nikon D3x, D3 and Canon 5D Mark II at ISOs from 50 through 25600..

Noise ×4: Nikon D3x, Nikon D3, Canon 5D Mark II, & Canon 1Ds Mark III

Noise performance of early 2009’ premier digital SLRs. ISOs from 50 through 25600, dark area noise, noise reduction effects, noise versus resolution. Can more smaller pixels beat fewer large ones?.

Canon 1D Mark IV

Canon 1D Mark IV 16-megapixel DSLR..

Canon EOS 5D Mark II review

Canon 5D Mark II impressions.

Nikon vs Canon: noise and sharpness

Nikon vs Canon: Noise and Sharpness.

Voigtlander 20mm f/3.5 Color-Skopar

Very compact ultra wide angle..

Voigtlander 90mm f/3.5 APO-Lanthar SL II

Medium telephoto with world-class chromatic correction..

Shift Lenses for Nikon and Canon

[Older material, but still relevant]. Shift lens performance of Nikon/Canon/Schneider/Olympus on various cameras..

Pentax K-1

36-megapixel full-frame DSLR with SuperRes Pixel Shift Mode..

Pentax K-3 II (APS-C)

24-megapixel APS-C DSLR with SuperResolution true-color..

Canon 85mm Lenses

Canon’s ultra-fast medium telephoto compared and in the field.

Canon 35mm f/1.4L II

Canon’s updated fast 35mm prime, evaluated on Canon 5DS R..

Canon 200-400mm f/4L IS

Canon’s versatile super telephoto..

Sigma 35mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Sigma’s fast and affordable moderate excellent wide angle..

Sigma 50mm f/1.4 EX DG HSM on Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III

The Sigma 50mm f/1.4 is a worthy contender in the crowded 50mm area. See how it performs compared to the Canon EF 50/1.4 and EF 50/1.2L..

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 58mm f/1.4G

Nikon’s High performance normal lens.

Nikon 58mm f/1.2 NOCT-Nikkor

Nikon’s sought-after high speed aspheric slightly long normal lens..

Coastal Optics 60mm f/4 UV-VIS-IR APO Macro

A superlative multi-spectral lens with perfect color correction..

Nikon AF-S 300mm f/4E PF ED VR

Compact and lightweight travel-friendly telephoto..

VIO POV.HD 1080p Helmet Camera

A helmet-mountable HD video camera for sports or action or underwater..

Canon RF 35mm f/1.8 Macro STM

All-arounder compact lens with macro capability..

Canon RF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM

Bread and butter all-around zoom..

Canon RF 28-70mm f/2L USM

Bread and butter all-around zoom..

Nikon Z7

Nikon’s first full-frame mirrorless..

Sony Alpha A9

Blackout-free 20 fps speed demon..

Sony Alpha A7S II

High performance full frame 12-megapixel sensor..

Sony Alpha A7R II

Attention to details: a big upgrade over the A7R..

Sony Alpha A7R III

Attention to details: a solid upgrade over the A7R II..

Sony Alpha A7R

Full frame compact mirrorless with interchangeable lenses..

Sony Alpha A7 II

Sensor stabilized 24MP full-frame..

Menus and Button Setup

How to configure the camera for serious shooting..

Sony FE 35mm f/2.8 ZA Sonnar

Compact moderate wide angle for Sony mirrorless..

Fujifilm Finepix X100

The best compact big-sensor digital camera yet?.

Ricoh GR

Razor sharp 28mm lens on APS-C sensor and outstanding usability and features..

Sony Cybershot RX1R II

Diminutive full-frame camera with 35mm f/2 fixed lens..

Sony Cybershot DSC-RX1 / RX1R

Full frame camera in an ultra-compact body with or without anti-aliasing filter..

Sony DSC-RX100

Stunningly high image quality in a 20MP point and shoot tiny camera..

Sony DSC-RX10 III

Stunningly high image quality in a 20MP point and wide range zoom..

Olympus M.Zuiko Digital ED 300mm f/4 IS PRO

Super telephoto with superb bokeh and color correction..

Olympus OM-D E-M1

A worthy upddate to the E-M5 with pro-grade build quality..

Olympus OM-D E-M5

Superb ergonomic design in a compact camera..

Olympus OM-D E-M5 Mark II

Updated model with hi-res sensor shift mode..

Comparisons across format.

Can smaller sensor cameras compete with larger ones on any basis?.

Panasonic G-1 micro-4/3 camera

Panasonic G-1 especially compared to the Olympus E-P1. Intriguing results with RAW vs in-camera JPEG. RAW file included for your own analysis..

Fujifilm X-E1

Compact sibling of the Fujifilm X-Pro1.

Fujifilm X-Pro1

Interchangeable lenses on a 16MP APS-C sensor.

Fujifilm X-Pro2

Fujifilm's 24MP APS-C offering..

Fujifilm XF 56mm f/1.2 APD

Apodization filter version of the 56/1.2..

Sony NEX-7 and NEX-5N

24 or 16 megapixels in a compact body with APS-C sensor..

Sony Alpha A6000

Value camera: 24 megapixel APS-C sensor with EVF and vibration-free shutter..

Zeiss Loxia 25mm f/2.4 Distagon

Outstanding wide angle, superb performer..

Zeiss Loxia 50mm f/2 Planar

Manual focus normal lens for full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Batis 18mm f/2.8 Distagon

Autofocus extreme wide angle for Sony full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Batis 85mm f/1.8 Sonnar

Autofocus portrait lens for Sony full-frame mirrorless..

Leica X Vario

Leica’s 28-70mm APS-C compact camera..

Panoramas with the iPhone 6s Plus

Shooting + post processing tips with high-res examples..

Leica X2

Leica’s large-sensor 'affordable' compact camera..

Overview of Sigma Foveon Sensor cameras

Foveon X3 true-color sensor for outstanding resolution..

Sigma sd Quattro

Mirrorless Sigma Quattro sensor with interchangeable lenses..

Sigma sd Quattro H

Mirrorless Sigma Quattro larger APS-H sensor with interchangeable lenses..

Sigma dp0 Quattro

21mm f/5.6 equivalent FOV lens..

Sigma dp2 Quattro

45mm f/2.8 equivalent FOV lens..

Sigma DP2 Merrill

45mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Sigma DP3 Merrill

75mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Sigma DP-2 with Foveon X3 sensor

[Archive] Sigma DP-2 with the amazing Foveon X3 sensor (original, LOW RES camera, not a Merrill)..

Fujifilm GFX Image Processing

Tips on getting the best results..

Fujifilm GFX Image Quality

Image quality assessments..

Hasselblad X1D

Mirrorless large format with leaf shutter lenses..

Hasselblad X1D Imaging Quality

Performance both in the field and controlled conditions..

Optimal Images from Hasselblad X1D

Tips on Getting the Best Results..

Hasselblad XCD 21mm f/4

18mm equivalent..

Hasselblad XCD 45mm f/3.5

37mm equivalent..

Hasselblad XCD 90mm f/3.2

Medium format telephoto lens, 74mm equivalent..

Pentax 645D 40-Megapixel Medium Format DSLR

A price/performance breakthrough?.

Pentax 645Z Overall

50-Megapixel Medium Format DSLR with Live View.

Pentax 645Z Image Quality

High end image quality, but what about lenses?.

Pentax 645 Lenses (645D tests)

A variety of 645 lens tests on the 645D.

Pentax HD 35mm f/3.5 AL [IF]

Moderate wide angle lens for Pentax 645..

Rolleiflex Hy6 Mod 2 Medium Format System

Lens performance at 80 megapixels..

Mamiya DL28 medium format 28 megapixel system

The Mamiya DL28 offers the Mamiya 645 AFD III, the new Sekor AF 80mm f/2.8D lens and the Leaf Aptus-II 6 digital back. Image quality is outstanding and the DL28 should definitely be considered by anyone looking into medium format..

Leica S2 37.5 Megapixel Medium Format DSLR

How does Leica’s medium format entry measure up in ergonomics, image quality, etc?.

Leica S Examples

Examples and comparison from the various lenses.

Introduction

Start here!.

Image Rendition

Visible spectrum, cameras, color space, infrared vs. color & examples..

Cameras and Examples

Infrared camera choices with examples.

Shooting Considerations

All about shooting in infrared..

Workflow

What to do after you shoot..

Wrap-up and Summary

Conclusions and where to find products and additional information..

15mm f/2.8 Distagon

Ultra high performance in an extreme wild wide angle lens..

18mm f/3.5 Distagon

A brilliant, but also colorful character..

21mm f/2.8 Distagon

Brilliant imaging, even wide open, but with a few quirks. (Review in progress) .

25mm f/2.8 Distagon

A gem with unusual close-focus..

28mm f/2 Distagon

An artist’s drawing tool..

Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon

Ultra high performance apochromatic normal lens, first in the Otus line..

Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon Rendering Style

Rendering style, bokeh and beauty..

Otus 85mm f/1.4 APO-Planar Rendering Style

Rendering style, bokeh and 'transparency' without peer..

85mm f/1.4 APO-Planar Night Vision

Peering into shadows at night with the very best..

100mm f/2 Makro-Planar

King of bokeh! Corner-to-corner sharpness, world class..

Leica M10

Leica M mount in slim body with SL-type sensor..

Leica M Typ 240 Usability Issues

Specific issues affecting usability..

Leica M Typ 240 In Use

Overall design and behavior..

Leica M Typ 240 Compared To Full Frame Cameras

Relative sharpness and performance across cameras..

Leica M Monochrom (original)

Ultimate resolution in black and white..

Leica M Monochrom Typ 246

24-megapixel CMOS monochrome sensor..

Leica M Monochrom In the Field

Field shooting the Leica MM, and comparisons..

Leica SL Typ 601

24-megapixel interchangeable lenses, high-res EVF..

Leica Q (Typ 116)

24-megapixel fixed lens compact full-frame..

M9: User’s Guide and Review

High resolution digital rangefinder.

Leica 28mm f/2 Summicron-M ASPH (pre-2016)

Leica’s widest lens utilizing built-in frame lines..

Leica M 50mm Lenses

Six models to choose from..

Leica 50mm f/0.95 Noctilux-M ASPH

World’s fastest 50mm full-frame lens..

50/0.95 Noctilux Rendering Style

Understanding the Rendering Style of the Noctilux..

Leica 50mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH

The world’s best 50mm lens is outstanding, but with some limits..

Shooting Leica R Lenses on Leica M

General discussion of R lenses on M..

Zeiss ZM 35mm f/1.4 Distagon

Fast and ultra high performance moderate wide angle rangefinder lens..

Voigtlander Nokton 35mm f/1.2 II ASPH

Fasted 35mm lens for Leica M, great ergonomics..

Voigtlander M 50mm f/1.1

A slightly slower, but smaller and lighter alternative to the Noctilux, at 1/10 the price..


Blog posts, reverse chronological

2018

2018-10-11 Nikon Z7 Long Exposures: ISO 400 vs ISO 64 (Trail Through Huge Aspen)

2018-09-26 Leica S3 Medium Format: an Updated Dinosaur

2018-07-25 Hasselblad PR: “Real World” Comparison: Nikon D850 with Decrepit Nikon 17-35mm f/2.8 Zoom Compared Without Format Equivalence or Validation of Basics

2018-07-15 Reader Comment: Automated Focus Stacking

2018-01-16 Nikon Updates D850 Firmware to Fix the Long Exposure Noise Reduction (LENR) Bug

2017

2017-12-29 Nikon D850: Long Exposure Noise Reduction Appears to Cause Considerable Damage to Image Quality... By Greatly Increasing Noise!

2017-10-28 Sony Alpha A7R III: Pixel Shift Facts

2017-10-26 Nikon D850 vs Nikon D810: Comparing Night Shots

2017-10-23 Nikon D850: Underexposed Long Exposures

2017-10-13 Nikon D850: Finest Long Exposure DSLR I Have Ever Seen by Leaps and Bounds

2017-09-29 Nikon D850: First Look at Noise Under Field Conditions, Gross Underexposure

2017-09-14 Nikon D850: Firsthand Reader Comments on Ergonomics and Image Quality

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Evaluating Noise Properly

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Image Quality Across the ISO Range Improved, What About ISO 64?

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Metering (I Want Auto-ETTR!)

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Metering and Autofocus

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Multiple Exposure Support Improved

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Silent Photography at up to 6 FPS Using Electronic Shutter

2017-06-04 Sony A9: Two Examples of Pattern/Banding Noise at ISO 100 (Pine Creek Skyline, Mt Tom) + Reader Comments

2017-03-14 Optimal Exposure via ETTR Can Deliver More Noise Benefit than Medium Format vs 35mm

2017-03-04 Fujifilm GFX 50s: Initial Impressions and Defective Camera (?) Stuck on Continuous Shooting Mode

2017-02-12 Hasselblad X1D + Hasselblad XCD 45/3.2 SHOOTOUT vs Nikon D810 + Zeiss 35/1.4: Flowers with 4-stop Underexposure + Push

2017-02-09 Reader Comment: ETTR (Expose to the Right)

2017-02-08 Hasselblad X1D: 3FR Raw-File Conversion in Adobe Camera Raw

2017-02-07 Hasselblad X1D: Long Exposures

2017-02-03 Sigma sd Quattro-H: DNG vs X3F Image Quality (Updated)

2017-01-18 Fujifilm GFX 50 Megapixel Medium Format Announced: Hi-Res Display Wonder (EVF, Rear LCD, Top Panel)

2017-01-06 Reader Comment: Sony Shutter Warning an “absurd behavior for a camera that bills itself as a professional camera”

2016

2016-11-23 Leica Firmware Update for M Monochrom, M-E, M9, M9P

2016-10-09 Sigma dp0 and dp1 Quattro: Razor Sharp Detail

2016-08-13 Thinking About What I Want in the Next Nikon

2016-08-02 Sigma sd Quattro Here: X3I Files Introduce Ultra High Dynamic Range (SFD) mode.

2016-06-22 Hasselblad X1D-50C: 50-Megapixel Mirrorless Medium Format

2016-06-11 Zeiss ZM 35mm f/1.4 Distagon on Leica SL — a Joy to Focus and Still the Best Overall M Lens

2016-04-29 Leica Releases new Firmware for M240 and Monochrom, includes “black dots” fix

2016-04-07 Fujifilm X-Pro2 Night Shooting: Long Exposure and High ISO Performance

2016-02-26 Pentax K3 II: SuperResolution Pixel Shift Mode vs StdRes: Tarnished Silver Dragonfly Pitcher

2016-02-24 Pentax K3 II: Does it Have an Electronic First Curtain Shutter (EFC Shutter)? what about K1?

2016-02-21 Pentax K1: Impressive Innovation Unmatched by CaNikon

2016-02-18 Pentax K1 Super Resolution Pixel Shift Mode

2016-02-03 Sony A6300, and the Fujifilm X-Pro2

2016-01-03 100 Megapixels: Phase One Ships Its XF 100MP Camera System

2015

2015-12-05 RawDigger and FastRawViewer 25% Off

2015-11-09 Camera Histogram Bug with ARW Raw Files on Sony A7S II and A7R II

2015-10-22 Understanding the Sony A7R II Uncompressed ARW Raw Format

2015-10-20 Leica SL Typ 601 Full-Frame Mirrorless Camera System: the Logical Joining of DSLR and Mirrorless

2015-09-24 Reader Question/Question: WOW on Sigma DP Merrill, Processing Sigma DP Merrill Files

2015-09-15 Sony A7R II: Other Areas That Need Attention via Firmware Update

2015-08-21 Sony A7R II: General Commentary

2015-08-17 Sony A7R II: Long Exposure Examples at ISO 100, Including Raw Conversion and RawDigger Exposure Info

2015-08-17 Sony A7R II: Long Exposure Noise Reduction on/off at ISO 100 @ 30 sec + Chroma Noise Reduction (Egg-Shaped Boulder)

2015-08-10 Sony A7R II: Assessing Long Exposure Noise Reduction at ISO ~50/100/200

2015-07-02 Canon 5DS R: ISO Series in Color and Black&White from ISO 50 to ISO 12,800

2015-06-23 Canon 5DS R: Field Shooting

2015-04-22 Pentax K3 II: Out-Innovating Nikon and Canon

2015-04-09 Table of f-stops: Full Stops, 1/2 Stops, 1/3 Stops (Depth of Field)

2015-03-24 Reader Comment: Olympus E-M5 Mark II High-Res Mode

2015-02-09 Nikon D810a ('a' for Astrophotography)

2015-01-09 HOORAY! Nikon First to (finally) offer a True RAW Histogram! (FALSE rumor)

2014

2014-12-05 RawDigger now has a Workflow Complement: Fast Raw Viewer + Discount on RawDigger for Readers

2014-08-19 Nikon D810 Service Advisory for White Spots During Long Exposures, and 1.2X Crop

2014-08-18 Understanding the Pentax 645Z Histogram (useful for any brand camera)

2014-08-13 Reader Question: Image Brightness at Full Aperture vs Stopped Down

2014-08-11 Nikon D810 Dynamic Range: Best Ever in Any Camera?

2014-07-21 Nikon D810: How Much Underexposure Can It Take?

2014-07-20 Pentax 645z: Long Exposures

2014-06-30 Leica M Typ 240 Firmware Update

2014-04-24 Leica T System: Quick Comments

2014-04-14 Pentax 645Z 51-Megapixel Medium Format DSLR, 13 Pentax Lenses Now Avail in USA

2014-03-05 Sony A7 / A7R: Light leak

2014-02-23 Ricoh GR Reader Comment: “sharpest images I’ve ever attained”

2014-01-31 Sigma DP Merrill: Readers Respond

2013

2013-12-05 Sony A7R: the Kitchen Sink Menu System Design Paradigm is Alive and Well

2013-12-02 RawDigger v1.0 Now Available in Three Editions (Recommended)

2013-10-25 Leica M240: Shutter Vibration Appears to Damage Image Sharpness

2013-10-03 Canon 200-400mm

2013-08-13 How Will Leica X Vario Lens Compare to the Ricoh GR, Sony RX1, Sigma DP Merrill?

2013-07-14 Leica M Typ 240 Usability

2013-06-17 Leica M Typ 240: Night-time Photography

2013-06-11 Leica X Vario: Fixed f/3.5 - f/6.4 Lens on APS-C, no EVF

2013-02-11 Leica M Typ 240 / M240 Image Quality

2012

2012-12-19 Sony RX1 ETTR Study (Dolls)

2012-12-13 Auto-ETTR Would Sure Be Nice — 2 Stops Below the Blow-out Was the Camera’s Advice

2012-12-02 Optimal Camera Settings for the Histogram Most True to the Raw Data

2012-12-01 ETTR — Real RAW Data vs Camera Info and Final Images, With Crops

2012-12-01 Setting Low Contrast for RAW Histogram vs Live View Focusing

2012-11-29 ETTR (Expose to the Right) — An Essential Skill to Master for Image Quality

2012-11-27 A CALL TO ACTION: Build Intelligent ETTR Into Digital Cameras

2012-11-25 Getting the Best Results From the Olympus E-M5 — ETTR in the Field

2012-11-20 Canon 5D Mark III: ETTR Study of Optimal Exposure for RAW, RAW vs JPEG Exposure Latitude and Sharpness

2012-11-19 ETTR and Digital Image Quality

2012-11-19 Getting the Best Results From the Olympus E-M5

2012-11-18 Metering: Incident Light Meter or Camera Histogram?

2012-11-17 Nikon D800E: ETTR Study of Optimal Exposure for RAW, Exposure Latitude, Choice of Color Space, Noise

2012-11-14 Image Quality From Olympus OMD E-M5 (or Sigma DP Merrill, or any small sensor)

2012-11-13 Getting the Best Results From a Digital Sensor — JPEG vs RAW and Exposure and Noise

2012-10-21 Why Don’t Digital Cameras Offer a Perfect ETTR exposure?

2012-10-13 Sigma DP1 Merrill — Exposure Bracketing and ETTR

2012-10-09 Sigma DP1 Merrill —Long Exposures

2012-09-15 Leica M Monochrom Histogram Delay (Bug?)

2012-09-08 Workflow Series: Expose To The Right (ETTR)

2012-08-12 Canon 85mm f/1.2L II (on 5D Mark III)

2012-08-01 Canon EOS 1D X: Pattern Noise at ISO 100 With Ample Exposure (Expose to the Right, ETTR)

2012-07-03 Controlling Aperture Flicker on the Nikon D800 / D800E (and other Nikon bodies)

2012-05-10 Leica M Monochrom — 18-Megapixel Monochrome Sensor

2012-04-22 Fujifilm X-Pro1 Review

2012-04-18 Fuji X-Pro1: RAW Headroom vs JPEG

2012-04-18 Reader Comments on D800, 5D Mark III

2012-04-10 Nikon D800 Long Exposure

2012-04-03 En route— Fujifilm X-Pro1 with 18/2.0 XF R and 35/1.4 XF R Lenses

2009

2009-02-06 Flash exposure compensation with the SB-400 UPDATE

2009-02-05 Flash exposure compensation with the SB-400

2009-01-24 Nikon D3x and Canon 5D Mark II long exposure noise

2008

2008-09-15 Carl Zeiss announces Canon EF-mount “ZE” lenses

2008-08-12 Tip of the Day: Manual exposure

2008-04-23 Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III — another “brain fart”

2008-03-16 High dynamic range with Photomatix

2008-02-20 Canon EOS auto-exposure “brain fart”

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