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Nikon D810

Improvements on the workhorse D800E..

Nikon D800E

36 megapixels in a compact full-frame DSLR..

Canon EOS 5D Mark III

22 megapixel successor to the popular 5D Mark II..

Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 70-200mm f/2.8E FL ED VR

Nikon’s finest 70-200 zoom as of 2017..

Canon 14mm f/2.8L II

In-depth review of the Canon EF 14mm f/2.8L II including flare, distortion, field curvature, resolution charts, numerous field examples and comparison to the Nikon 14-24mm f/2.8G. The Canon EF 14/2.8L II is a superb lens, but with some peculiarities which may enhance or degrade its appeal for different uses. The review is as much a “user guide” as a review; even if you use this lens it’s well worth your time to read this review..

Pentax K-3 II (APS-C)

24-megapixel APS-C DSLR with SuperResolution true-color..

Sigma 14-24mm f/2.8 DG HSM Art

Superwide optimized zoom lens..

Sigma 24mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Sigma’s fast high performance wide angle..

Sigma 35mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Sigma’s fast and affordable moderate excellent wide angle..

Sigma 135mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art

Fastest 135mm lens yet, with ultra high performance..

Sigma Telephoto APO Macro Lenses: 150mm, 180mm

Sigma’s fast telephoto APO macro lenses..

Nikon AF Micro Nikkor 200mm f/4.0D IF-ED

Nikon’s workhorse 200mm macro lens, and not just sharp at close-ups!.

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 20mm f/1.8G

Nikon’s fast ultra wide angle..

Nikon AF-S 60mm f/2.8G Macro

Comparing the new Nikon 60mm to its predecessors, and the Coastal Optics 60/4 APO..

Coastal Optics 60mm f/4 UV-VIS-IR APO Macro

A superlative multi-spectral lens with perfect color correction..

Canon EF 8-15mm f/4L Fisheye Zoom

State of the art design in a never before seen fisheye zoom..

Canon 800mm f/5.6L IS Super Telephoto

A review of Canon’s 800m f/5.6L IS super telephoto, with high performance that demands technical mastery to use well..

Canon 200mm f/2L IS USM

A review of Canon’s 200mm f/2L mini super telephoto. Not just for sports, it makes a great landscape lens..

Digital Sensor Technology

Digital capture technology is discrete, and not the same as film..

Workflow Tips and technique

An introduction to digital workflow and best practices. .

Milvus 50mm f/1.4

Outstanding build and optical quality in a normal lens..

Milvus 85mm f/1.4

Outstanding build and optical quality in a medium tele..

Milvus 100mm f/2M

The classic 100/2 Makro-Planar improved..

15mm f/2.8 Distagon

Ultra high performance in an extreme wild wide angle lens..

18mm f/3.5 Distagon

A brilliant, but also colorful character..

ZF.2/ZE 21mm f/2.8 Distagon

Brilliant imaging, even wide open, but with a few quirks. (Review in progress) .

28mm f/2 Distagon

An artist’s drawing tool..

35mm f/1.4 Distagon

Strokes of a master..

Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon Rendering Style

Rendering style, bokeh and beauty..

Otus 85mm f/1.4 APO-Planar Rendering Style

Rendering style, bokeh and 'transparency' without peer..

Otus 100mm f/1.4 APO-Sonnar

Razor sharp with gorgeous bokeh..

100mm f/2 Makro-Planar

King of bokeh! Corner-to-corner sharpness, world class..

135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar

Beautiful bokeh, razor sharp, superb color correction..

Canon RF 28-70mm f/2L USM

Bread and butter all-around zoom..

Canon RF 35mm f/1.8 Macro STM

All-arounder compact lens with macro capability..

Canon RF 85mm f/1.2L USM

High speed portrait lens optimized for Canon mirrorless..

Sony Alpha A7R II

Attention to details: a big upgrade over the A7R..

Sony Alpha A9

Blackout-free 20 fps speed demon..

Sony FE 24mm f/1.4 GM

High performance wide angle..

Sony FE 35mm f/1.4 GM

High performance mild wide-angle..

Sony Planar T* FE 50mm f/1.4 ZA

Fast high performance normal lens of Zeiss design..

Sony FE 50mm f/1.2 GM

High performance, high speed..

Sony 90mm f/2.8 Macro G OSS

Native-mount macro length designed by Zeiss..

Sigma FE 14-24mm f/2.8 DG DN Art

Native-mount ultra wide angle high performance zoom for mirrorless..

Sigma FE 35mm f/1.4 DG DN Art

Fast native-mount moderate wide angle..

Sigma FE 45mm f/2.8 DG DN Contemporary

Compact native-mount normal lens..

Sigma FE 70mm f/2.8 DG Macro Art

Macro lens also excellent for all-around shooting..

Voigtlander FE Heliar-Hyper 10mm f/5.6 Aspherical III

Anything wider would be a fisheye..

Voigtlander FE 21mm f/1.4 Aspherical

Fast high performance manual focus wide angle..

Voigtlander FE 65mm f/2 Macro APO-Lanthar Aspherical

Ultra high grade performer at a modest price..

Voigtlander Nokton 42.5mm f/0.95

Ultra fast medium telephoto manual focus lens..

Sony FE 12-24mm f/4 G

Extreme wide angle zoom..

Sony FE 16-35mm f/2.8 GM

Pro-grade f/2.8 wide angle zoom..

Fujifilm Finepix X100

The best compact big-sensor digital camera yet?.

Nikon Coolpix A

Fixed 28mm lens with APS-C sensor free of anti-aliasing blur with wonderful color..

Sony Cybershot DSC-RX1 / RX1R

Full frame camera in an ultra-compact body with or without anti-aliasing filter..


Stunningly high image quality in a 20MP point and wide range zoom..

Panasonic GH4

Still photos and gorgeous 4K UltraHD video..

Olympus M.Zuiko Digital ED 300mm f/4 IS PRO

Super telephoto with superb bokeh and color correction..

Panasonic Leica DG Nocticron 42.5mm f/1.2 ASPH

Fast, bright and highly corrected medium telephoto..

Panasonic G-1 micro-4/3 camera

Panasonic G-1 especially compared to the Olympus E-P1. Intriguing results with RAW vs in-camera JPEG. RAW file included for your own analysis..

Fujifilm X-Pro1

Interchangeable lenses on a 16MP APS-C sensor.

Fujifilm X-Pro2

Fujifilm's 24MP APS-C offering..

Fujifilm XF 10-24mm f/4 R OIS

Wide angle zoom equivalent to 15-36mm.

Zeiss 24mm f/1.8 for Sony NEX

Moderate wide angle for Sony NEX..

Zeiss Loxia 21mm f/2.8 Distagon

Outstanding ultra wide angle performer..

Zeiss Batis 18mm f/2.8 Distagon

Autofocus extreme wide angle for Sony full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Batis 25mm f/2 Distagon

Autofocus wide angle for Sony full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Batis 85mm f/1.8 Sonnar

Autofocus portrait lens for Sony full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Touit 32mm f/1.8 Planar

Normal lens for Sony NEX or Fujifilm X..

Overview of Sigma Foveon Sensor cameras

Foveon X3 true-color sensor for outstanding resolution..

Sigma sd Quattro H

Mirrorless Sigma Quattro larger APS-H sensor with interchangeable lenses..

Sigma DP2 Merrill

45mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Sigma DP3 Merrill

75mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Blog posts, reverse chronological


2022-03-03 Fujifilm GF 35-70mm f/4.5-5.6 Aperture Series @ 40mm: Flowering Trees along Alpine Creek

2022-01-06 Sony FE 50mm f/1.2 GM Aperture Series: Boulder and Flowering Shrub Amid Aspen


2021-12-27 Sunflower in December

2021-09-06 Leica 35mm f/2 APO-Summicron-SL ASPH Aperture Series: Fading Sunflowers (Leica SL2)

2021-08-12 Reader Comment, Sony A1: Horizontal Stripes in Blue Channel on Some Colors such as Sunflowers (PDAF banding?)

2021-06-29 Sigma FE 35mm f/1.4 DG DN Art Aperture Series: Sunflower Head

2021-06-08 A Taste of Home: Tigger and Garden Flowers

2021-05-11 Sony FE 50mm f/1.2 GM Aperture Series: California Buckeye flower spike amid leaves


2020-09-11 Sigma FE 85mm f/1.4 DG DN Art: Hideous Pincushion Distortion and Its Effects on Micro Contrast


2019-09-02 Sigma 45mm f/2.8 DG DN Contemporary Aperture Series: Orange Flower

2019-08-09 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR: Close-Range Focus Stacking

2019-07-31 Canon RF 85mm f/1.2L Aperture Series: Mules Ears Flowering, Morning Light

2019-07-31 Canon RF 35mm f/1.8 Macro STM Aperture Series: Creekside Flowers

2019-07-30 Voigtlander FE Nokton 21mm f/1.4 Aspherical Aperture Series: Spring Flowers Along Tenaya Creek

2019-05-01 Zeiss Otus 100mm f/1.4 APO-Sonnar Examples: Flowers, Plants, Ad-Hoc (Nikon D850)

2019-04-30 Zeiss Otus 100mm f/1.4 APO-Sonnar Aperture Series: Flowers Backlit by Window (Nikon D850)

2019-04-11 Panasonic S1R: Image Quality Gains at ISO 50, 100, 200 Plus ISO 50 in Multi-Shot High-Res Mode (Poppy by Window)

2019-03-25 Flower Super-Bloom in Many Places in Southern California, such as Carrizo Plain National Monument

2019-02-10 Canon RF 28-70mm f/2L Aperture Series: Orange Poppy and Chair (Canon EOS R)


2018-09-29 Zeiss Batis 18mm f/2.8 Aperture Series: Rock Creek with Flowers

2018-09-23 Will the Golden Age of Lenses Come to Full Flower, or Balkanize, or Something In-Between?

2018-08-31 Hasselblad X1D + Hasselblad XCD 120mm f/3.5 Aperture Series: Flowering Riparian Plant, Late Summer, Rock Creek Area

2018-07-13 Three Sigma for Sony 70mm f/2.8 DG Macro Aperture Series: Closed Flower Seedheads, Yellow Flower, Crooked Pine

2018-07-01 Stream side Damage by J Muir H

2018-05-25 Sigma 14-24mm f/2.8 DG HSM Art Aperture Series @ 24mm: Flowering Creosote Bush

2018-05-22 Sigma 14-24mm f/2.8 DG HSM Art Aperture Series @ 20mm: Flowering Creosote Bush in Sand Dunes, Figure on Dune

2018-01-12 2018 Is the Year for Thunderbolt 3 To Flower


2017-08-23 Sony 16-35mm f/2.8 GM: Imaging Performance @ 16mm, Single Frame vs 3-Frame Stack: Flowers in Meadow to High Peaks, Dusk

2017-08-09 Sony 16-35mm f/2.8 GM: Single Frame Performance at f/9 vs Focus Stacking at f/9 (Flowers Amid Bristlecones)

2017-07-20 SHOOTOUT: Leica M10 vs Leica M240 ISO Series from 100 to 6400 (Fountain to Flowers to Tower)

2017-06-04 Backside of Mono Lake Area

2017-05-11 Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: the Reigning 135mm Makes Short Work of Sigma (at least at 1:5)

2017-05-10 Sigma 135mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art Shootout vs Nikon 70-200/2.8 FL ED VR vs Zeiss 135/2 APO-Sonnar

2017-03-24 Carrizo Plain Flower Status, 2017

2017-02-15 Sigma sd Quattro H Color Rendition: Richly Saturated Reds

2017-02-12 Hasselblad X1D + Hasselblad XCD 45/3.2 SHOOTOUT vs Nikon D810 + Zeiss 35/1.4: Flowers with 4-stop Underexposure + Push

2017-02-12 Hasselblad X1D + Hasselblad XCD 45/3.2 SHOOTOUT vs Nikon D810 + Zeiss 35/1.4: Flowers

2017-02-11 Hasselblad X1D with XCD 90/3.2 Aperture Series: White Anthurium

2017-02-09 Hasselblad X1D Example with Rich Color, Dark Tones, Mixed Lighting: Flowers at Russian Ridge


2016-08-24 Season Changing Even as Flowers Bloom

2016-05-28 Voigtlander 10mm f/5.6 Aspherical for Sony Aperture Series: Yellow Flower Yard (A7R II)

2016-04-24 Rumors of High Megapixels True or Not, Oversampling for Image Quality Makes Sense: 109 Megapixel Tulips via Sony RX100

2016-03-26 Fujifilm X-Pro2: RAW vs JPEG SHOOTOUT (Portrait Among the Flowers)

2016-03-23 Carrizo Plain Flower Status, 23 March 2016

2016-03-22 Carrizo Plain Flower Status + Yellow and Blue Along Soda Lake Road

2016-03-20 Carrizo Plain Flower Status

2016-03-09 Death Valley Flower Status

2016-02-24 Pentax K3 II: Evaluating SuperResolution Pixel Shift Mode vs StdRes with Color and Texture

2016-02-21 Pentax K1: Super Resolution Mode Appears to be Best DSLR Quality Yet


2015-11-07 Accurate Color from a Lab and Printing on Canvas

2015-10-27 Spectral Transmission of Digital Sensors

2015-08-24 Two Sony 90mm f/2.8 Macro G OSS Aperture Series: Yellow Flowers + Tiny Leaf on Wet Rocks (Sony A7R II)

2015-08-23 Zeiss Batis 85mm f/1.8 Sonnar Aperture Series: Yellow Flowers by Waterfall (Sony A7R II)

2015-08-23 Zeiss Batis 25mm f/2 Distagon Aperture Series: Yellow Flowers by Waterfall (Sony A7R II)

2015-03-27 Sigma 24mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art: Aperture Series 'Magenta Flower' and 'Poppy'

2015-03-18 Carrizo Plain Flower Status

2015-02-28 Oversampling for Image Quality: 109 Megapixel Sony RX100 tulips


2014-10-15 Nikon 20mm f/1.8G ED Aperture Series at MOD: Sunflower Blossom

2014-10-15 Nikon 20mm f/1.8G ED Aperture Series at MOD: Multi-Stem Sunflower and Blue Sky

2014-08-22 Zeiss 28mm f/2 Distagon on Nikon D810 (Lundy Canyon Creekside Yellow Flowers)

2014-08-20 Nikon D810 vs Pentax 645Z: Visual Impact Out in the Field with a Real Image (Comparison)

2014-08-11 Nikon D810 Dynamic Range: Best Ever in Any Camera?

2014-03-13 Voigtlander Nokton 42.5mm f/0.95 Aperture Series ‘Magenta Flower on Green’

2014-03-13 Panasonic Leica DG Nocticron 42.5mm f/1.2 ASPH Aperture Series ‘Magenta Flower on Green’


2013-12-14 Tulips Brighten My day

2013-08-05 Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: Weathered Branches / Red Flowers (Canon 5D Mark III)

2013-08-02 Sigma DP2 Merrill Tulips Image at 6 Feet Wide by 4 Feet High = Gorgeous

2013-05-22 Zeiss Touit 32mm f/1.8 Planar: Aperture Series At Close Range (Sunflowers, Sony NEX-7)

2013-05-22 Zeiss Touit 32mm f/1.8 Planar: Aperture Series (Sunflowers, Sony NEX-7)

2013-05-21 Sony NEX-7: Unstable Controls

2013-04-05 Nikon Coolpix A: Aperture Series in Color and Black and White

2013-04-04 Nikon Coolpix A Examples

2013-04-03 Nikon Coolpix A Sensor

2013-03-25 Sigma 180mm f/2.8 APO Macro DG HSM at 1:3 (Poppy, Nikon D800E)

2013-03-24 Spring Poppy

2013-03-16 Tulips #10 @ f/13 Finished Print (Nikon D800E + Zeiss 135/2 APO-Sonnar)

2013-03-08 Sigma DP3 Merrill Examples

2013-03-07 Sigma DP3 Merrill Initial Experience

2013-03-07 Printing on Canvas: Tulips #10

2013-03-07 Oversampling for Image Quality (109 Megapixel Sony RX100 tulips)

2013-03-05 Sigma DP2 Merrill: Tulips Examples

2013-03-05 Color with the Sigma DP2 Merrill

2013-03-01 Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: Tulips at f/2

2013-02-28 Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: Tulips Aperture Series from f/2 - f/13

2013-02-28 Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: General Comments

2013-02-27 Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: Tulips


2012-11-12 Getting the Best Results From a Digital Sensor

2012-04-09 Nikon D800 ISO Series (Flowers)

2012-03-05 Back From Death Valley


2011-05-02 Focal Length (Working Distance) and Color Correction With Nikon AF-S 60mm f/2.8G ED Macro


2010-08-06 Reader comments on sunflower crop


2008-07-18 Sunflower season — Canon 1Ds Mark III + Leica 280 APO

2008-07-01 Is 12 megapixels enough?

2008-06-29 Sunflower beauty

2008-06-26 Depth of field, diffraction, and megapixels

2008-01-20 Flowering manzanita


2007-10-18 Flower power

2007-06-06 Experiment—white poppy

2007-04-25 A world-class headlamp—the Lupine Lighting Systems Wilma


2006-02-27 No flowers in Death Valley

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