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Workflow Tips and technique

An introduction to digital workflow and best practices. .

Photoshop How-To

Working with Photoshop for raw conversion and more. .

Faux HDR and High Dynamic Range

Tips for processing high dynamic range images. .

Expose To The Right (ETTR)

Maximizing image quality, dynamic range, minimizing digital noise. .

Focus Stacking Examples

Examples of Focus Stacking..

Lateral Chromatic Aberration

Understanding lateral chromatic aberration (color fringing)..

Longitudinal Chromatic Aberration

Understanding Longitudinal (Axial) chromatic aberration (LOCA)..

Optical Behavior (Case Studies)

Illuminating examples of lens behavior..

Workflow Tips and technique

An introduction to digital workflow and best practices. (MOVES to Making Sharp Images in June 2019).

Photoshop How-To

Working with Photoshop for raw conversion and more. (MOVES to Making Sharp Images in June 2019).

Faux HDR and High Dynamic Range

Tips for processing high dynamic range images. (MOVES to Making Sharp Images in June 2019).

Expose To The Right (ETTR)

Maximizing image quality, dynamic range, minimizing digital noise. (MOVES to Making Sharp Images in June 2019).

Nikon D850

The best becomes better..

Nikon D850 Image Quality

Oustanding image quality, but with some limitations..

Nikon D810

Improvements on the workhorse D800E..

Nikon D800E

36 megapixels in a compact full-frame DSLR..

Nikon D800 / D800E Image Quality Best Practices

Image quality best practices and how-to with the Nikon D800/D800E..

Nikon D800 Monochrome Conversion by MaxMax.com

D800 with the RGB Bayer matrix removed for a true monochrome sensor..

Nikon Df

Full-frame 16 megapixel Retro Style DSLR..

Nikon D800E vs Canon EOS 5D Mark III

Comparing the 2012/2013 high-res pro DSLRs..

Nikon D4

Nikon’s pro-body high speed low light wonder..

Canon EOS 1D X

18 megapixel big black brick, Canon’s top of the line DSLR..

Canon EOS 5D Mark III

22 megapixel successor to the popular 5D Mark II..

Canon EOS 5DS / 5DS R

50 megapixel successor to the 22 megapixel Canon 5D Mark III..

Nikon D3s

Nikon D3s low-light versatile DSLR..

Nikon D3x 24.4-megapixel DSLR review

Includes: D3x resolution comparisons (res chart) with Nikon D3, Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III, resolution comparison on outdoor shot with Nikon D3, large examples, large wildlife examples, Nikon 200mm f/2 VR on D3x, long exposure noise ISO series, D3x sensitivity on diffraction, D3x dynamic range at ISO 100 vs ISO 50, D3x vs D3 color and noise..

Noise ×4: Nikon D3x, Nikon D3, Canon 5D Mark II, & Canon 1Ds Mark III

Noise performance of early 2009’ premier digital SLRs. ISOs from 50 through 25600, dark area noise, noise reduction effects, noise versus resolution. Can more smaller pixels beat fewer large ones?.

Canon 1D Mark IV

Canon 1D Mark IV 16-megapixel DSLR..

Pentax K-1

36-megapixel full-frame DSLR with SuperRes Pixel Shift Mode..

Pentax K-3 (APS-C)

23-megapixel APS-C DSLR with an unusual feature set..

Canon 24mm f/2.8 IS USM

Canon’s compact high-performance 24mm prime..

Tamron SP 15-30mm f/2.8 Di VC USD

Tamron’s ultra wide to medium fast zoom..

Sigma 28mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Extraordinary optical efforts for outstanding performance..

Sigma 50mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Sigma’s fast high performance normal lens..

Sigma Super Tele Varifocal 120-300mm f/2.8 DG OS HSM S

Sigma’s fast an flexible moderate super telephoto..

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 50mm f/1.8G

Nikon’s High Performance Moderately-Priced 50mm..

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 58mm f/1.4G

Nikon’s High performance normal lens.

Canon 24mm f/1.4L II

State of the art design in a fast ultra wide angle lens..

Canon 24-70mm f/2.8L II and 24-70mm f/4L IS

Canon’s premium mid-range zooms..

Nikon AF-S 28mm f/1.8G

A fast moderate wide angle lens with some practical difficulties..

Nikon AF-S 85mm f/1.4G

State of the art design in a fast 85mm lens..

Nikon AF 16mm f/2.8D Fisheye

Exploring the 16mm fisheye for landscape photography, and correcting fisheye distortion..

VIO POV.HD 1080p Helmet Camera

A helmet-mountable HD video camera for sports or action or underwater..

Fujifilm GFX Image Processing

Tips on getting the best results..

Fujifilm GFX Image Quality

Image quality assessments..

Hasselblad H6D-100C

How does the very best perform in the field?.

Hasselblad HC 50mm f/3.5 II

High performance moderate wide angle.

Hasselblad X1D

Mirrorless large format with leaf shutter lenses..

Hasselblad X1D Imaging Quality

Performance both in the field and controlled conditions..

Optimal Images from Hasselblad X1D

Tips on Getting the Best Results..

Pentax 645D 40-Megapixel Medium Format DSLR

A price/performance breakthrough?.

Pentax 645Z Image Quality

High end image quality, but what about lenses?.

Pentax 645 Lenses (645D tests)

A variety of 645 lens tests on the 645D.

Leica S Examples

Examples and comparison from the various lenses.

Milvus 21mm f/2.8

The classic 21/2.8 Distagon improved..

Milvus 100mm f/2M

The classic 100/2 Makro-Planar improved..

15mm f/2.8 Distagon

Ultra high performance in an extreme wild wide angle lens..

18mm f/3.5 Distagon

A brilliant, but also colorful character..

21mm f/2.8 Distagon

Brilliant imaging, even wide open, but with a few quirks. (Review in progress) .

25mm f/2 Distagon

Ultra high performance with a fast aperture..

25mm f/2.8 Distagon

A gem with unusual close-focus..

28mm f/2 Distagon

An artist’s drawing tool..

35mm f/1.4 Distagon

Strokes of a master..

35mm f/2 Distagon

Balance and poise..

50mm f/1.4 Planar

Brilliant imaging in a compact package..

50mm f/2 Makro-Planar

Versatility in a “normal” lens and macro too!.

Otus 28mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon

Fast high performance APO wide angle..

Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon Rendering Style

Rendering style, bokeh and beauty..

Otus 85mm f/1.4 APO-Planar Rendering Style

Rendering style, bokeh and 'transparency' without peer..

Otus 100mm f/1.4 APO-Sonnar

Razor sharp with gorgeous bokeh..

100mm f/2 Makro-Planar

King of bokeh! Corner-to-corner sharpness, world class..

Zeiss LensSpire Articles

Articles written for Lenspire.ZEISS.com..

Medium Format

Articles written for MediumFormat.com..

Filters

Filter know-how and spectral transmission..

Staying Warm, Dry, Safe

How to stay comfortable and safe in the outdoor..

Binoculars

What to look for in a binocular, plus reviews..

Travel and Places

Out of the way places and wonders..

Misc Reviews

Miscellaneous reviews..

Lens and Camera Issues

Good stuff and not so good stuff..

Photo Tips

Photography Hints and Tips..

Grab Bag

Various articles..

Zeiss ZF.2 and Zeiss ZE Lenses For Canon and Nikon

Zeiss ZF.2 and Zeiss ZE Lenses For Canon and Nikon.

Infrared

Beyond deep red, seeing the invisible..

Infrared Cameras Compared

Infrared Cameras Compared: Fuji S3 Pro UVIR, Nikon D70-IR, Canon EOS 5D-IR ..

Nikon D200 vs D2x

Vintage 2006 comparative review of Nikon D200 vs Nikon D2x..

Canon EOS R

Canon’s first full-frame mirrorless..

Nikon Z7 Image Quality

Image quality..

Sony Alpha A7R II

Attention to details: a big upgrade over the A7R..

Sony Alpha A7R III

Attention to details: a solid upgrade over the A7R II..

Sony Alpha A7R

Full frame compact mirrorless with interchangeable lenses..

Menus and Button Setup

How to configure the camera for serious shooting..

Sony Planar T* FE 50mm f/1.4 ZA

Fast high performance normal lens of Zeiss design..

Sony FE 35mm f/2.8 ZA Sonnar

Compact moderate wide angle for Sony mirrorless..

Sigma 70mm f/2.8 DG Macro Art

Macro lens also excellent for all-around shooting..

Samyang FE 24mm T/1.5

Wide angle lens adapted from DSLR, native E-mount, all manual..

Ricoh GXR with A12 Mount for Leica M Lenses.

Use Leica M lenses on a digital back designed for them..

Fujifilm Finepix X100

The best compact big-sensor digital camera yet?.

Ricoh GR

Razor sharp 28mm lens on APS-C sensor and outstanding usability and features..

Sony Cybershot DSC-RX1 / RX1R

Full frame camera in an ultra-compact body with or without anti-aliasing filter..

Sony DSC-RX100

Stunningly high image quality in a 20MP point and shoot tiny camera..

Sony DSC-RX10 III

Stunningly high image quality in a 20MP point and wide range zoom..

Olympus Zuiko SHG 14-35mm f/2 ED

Ultra high performance zoom lens..

Olympus M.Zuiko 17mm f/1.8

A fast moderate wide angle..

Olympus M.ZUIKO DIGITAL 60mm f/2.8 ED Macro

Native Micro Four Thirds macro lens..

Panasonic Leica DG Summilux 25mm f/1.4 ASPH Micro 4/3

A fast and lovely 'normal' lens (50mm equiv) for Micro 4/3..

Panasonic Leica DG Nocticron 42.5mm f/1.2 ASPH

Fast, bright and highly corrected medium telephoto..

Olympus OM-D E-M1

A worthy upddate to the E-M5 with pro-grade build quality..

Olympus OM-D E-M5

Superb ergonomic design in a compact camera..

Comparisons across format.

Can smaller sensor cameras compete with larger ones on any basis?.

Panasonic G-1 micro-4/3 camera

Panasonic G-1 especially compared to the Olympus E-P1. Intriguing results with RAW vs in-camera JPEG. RAW file included for your own analysis..

Fujifilm X (general)

General information about Fujfilm X..

Fujifilm X-Pro1

Interchangeable lenses on a 16MP APS-C sensor.

Fujifilm X-Pro2

Fujifilm's 24MP APS-C offering..

Fujifilm Fujinon XF 60mm f/2.4 R

Short telephoto macro lens..

Sony NEX-7 and NEX-5N

24 or 16 megapixels in a compact body with APS-C sensor..

Zeiss 24mm f/1.8 for Sony NEX

Moderate wide angle for Sony NEX..

Zeiss Loxia 50mm f/2 Planar

Manual focus normal lens for full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Batis (Overview)

Zeiss autofocus lenses Sony full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Batis 25mm f/2 Distagon

Autofocus wide angle for Sony full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Batis 85mm f/1.8 Sonnar

Autofocus portrait lens for Sony full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Touit 12mm f/2.8 Distagon

Ultra wide angle lens for Sony NEX or Fujifilm X..

Zeiss Touit 32mm f/1.8 Planar

Normal lens for Sony NEX or Fujifilm X..

Panoramas with the iPhone 6s Plus

Shooting + post processing tips with high-res examples..

Leica X2

Leica’s large-sensor 'affordable' compact camera..

Sigma Photo Pro Software 5.x

Sigma’s raw file processing software, version 5.x..

Sigma Photo Pro Software 6.x

Sigma’s raw file processing software, version 6.x..

Sigma sd Quattro

Mirrorless Sigma Quattro sensor with interchangeable lenses..

Sigma dp2 Quattro

45mm f/2.8 equivalent FOV lens..

Sigma DP3 Merrill

75mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Leica M10

Leica M mount in slim body with SL-type sensor..

Leica M Typ 240 In Use

Overall design and behavior..

Leica M Monochrom In the Field

Field shooting the Leica MM, and comparisons..

Leica SL Typ 601

24-megapixel interchangeable lenses, high-res EVF. Leica SL moves to L-mount in June 2019..

Leica Q (Typ 116)

24-megapixel fixed lens compact full-frame. Leica Q moves to L-mount in June 2019..

M9: User’s Guide and Review

High resolution digital rangefinder.

Ray angle and Color Shading With M Lenses

Off-center color casts, off-center sharpness..

Leica 21mm f/3.4 Super-Elmar-M ASPH

Leica’s best-performing 21mm..

Leica 24mm f/3.8 Elmar-M ASPH

Leica’s best-performing 24mm, and with a flat field..

Leica 28mm f/2.8 Elmarit-M ASPH (pre-2016)

Leica’s smallest and lightest M lens with superlative performance..

Leica 50mm f/0.95 Noctilux-M ASPH

World’s fastest 50mm full-frame lens..

Leica 50mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH

The world’s best 50mm lens is outstanding, but with some limits..

Leica 90mm f/2.4 (2.5) Summarit-M

Leica’s compact 90mm for the M..

Leica 180mm f/2.8 APO-Elmarit-R

World’s best mid-range telephoto lens..

Leica 280mm f/4 APO-Telyt-R

Compact and ultra high performance long telephoto..

Zeiss ZM 15mm f/2.8 Distagon

Notes and examples..

Zeiss ZM 18mm f/4 Distagon

Compact high performance, ultra low distortion..

Zeiss ZM 21mm f/2.8 Biogon

Moderate speed high contrast ultra-wide..


Blog posts, reverse chronological

2019

2019-05-06 White Balance and Tint for Zeiss Otus 100mm f/1.4 APO-Sonnar in Adobe Camera Raw — Differs for f/1.4

2019-04-07 Panasonic S1R: How Much to Sharpen During Raw Conversion in Adobe Camera Raw + Adobe Camera Raw Enhance Details

2019-04-04 Panasonic S1R: White Balance and Tint in Adobe Camera Raw

2019-03-19 Adobe Camera Raw “Enhance Details” Feature: Most Important Raw Converter Feature in Years, My Suggestion to Adobe for UI Fix

2019-03-07 Sigma 28mm f/1.4 DG HSM: Substantial Difference in White Balance / Tint for f/1.4 vs Stopped-Down (Nikon D850)

2018

2018-12-01 Reader Comment: White Balance

2018-11-03 Reader Question: Canon RF 50/1.2L USM vs Zeiss Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon Plus White Balance and Tint

2018-10-21 Nikon Z7: White Balance and Tint in Adobe Camera Raw using Datacolor SpyderCHECKER (Mountain Morning Shade)

2018-10-16 Nikon Z7: White Balance and Tint in Adobe Camera Raw using Datacolor SpyderCHECKER (Mountain Mid-Day Autumn Sun)

2018-10-16 Canon EOS R: White Balance and Tint in Adobe Camera Raw using Datacolor SpyderCHECKER

2018-10-06 Nikon Z7: RAW vs JPEG

2018-10-01 With Suggestions of Pattern/Banding Noise in the New Nikon Z7, It Might Make Sense to RENT Before Buying

2018-08-29 Hasselblad X1D + Hasselblad XCD 21mm f/4 White Balance and Tint in Mid-Morning Sunlight with Adobe Camera Raw

2018-07-25 Hasselblad PR: “Real World” Comparison: Nikon D850 with Decrepit Nikon 17-35mm f/2.8 Zoom Compared Without Format Equivalence or Validation of Basics

2018-07-20 White Balance and Tint in Adobe Camera Raw for Sigma 70mm f/2.8 DG Macro Art on Sony A7R III in Mid-Day Sun

2018-03-21 Experience Report: Concussion (“Moderate to Severe”) aka Mild Traumatic Brain Injury via a Short Flight at 25 mph into Embankment from Bike

2018-01-09 How Fast is the Apple iMac Pro for RAW File Conversion?

2017

2017-10-12 Nikon D850: White Balance and Tint with Color Checker Card, ISO 31 and ISO 64 Compared

2017-09-27 Nikon D850: First Look at Noise Under Field Conditions, Gross Underexposure

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Natural White Balance Option, Active D-Lighting, HDR

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: In-Camera Raw to JPEG

2017-07-04 Leica M10 White Balance and Tint in Photoshop/ACR

2017-05-24 Update to High ISO Highlight Destruction with Hasselblad X1D Raw Files (Adobe Camera Raw 9.10.1 bug fix)

2017-04-17 Fujifilm GFX Dynamic Range: Kitchen HDR

2017-04-16 Fujifilm GFX Dynamic Range: Grant Lake

2017-03-13 Hasselblad X1D: Better to Use Camera ISO or Push Base ISO 100 to Equivalent Higher ISO?

2017-03-12 Hasselblad X1D: ISO 3200 Highlight Destruction in ACR vs Iridient Developer and Hasselblad Phocus (Dolls)

2017-03-03 Fujifilm GFX 50s: 'RAF' Not Yet Usable with Adobe Camera Raw (Lightroom, Photoshop)

2017-02-12 Hasselblad X1D + Hasselblad XCD 45/3.2 SHOOTOUT vs Nikon D810 + Zeiss 35/1.4: Flowers with 4-stop Underexposure + Push

2017-02-09 Reader Comment: ETTR (Expose to the Right)

2017-02-08 Hasselblad X1D: 3FR Raw-File Conversion in Adobe Camera Raw

2017-02-07 Hasselblad X1D: Long Exposures

2016

2016-10-09 Sigma dp0 and dp1 Quattro: Razor Sharp Detail

2016-09-06 SHOOTOUT: Sony FE 50mm f/1.4 ZA vs Zeiss Loxia 50mm f/2: Spuller Lake View to Mt Conness (Sony A7R II)

2016-08-28 Focus Stacking: Banishes Depth of Field Limitations for Many Field Images

2016-06-20 Leica SL vs M240: Lens Corrections and Color Rendering with M Lenses

2016-06-19 Evaluating White Balance and Tint for Leica SL and Leica M240 with DataColor SpyderCHECKR with 3 Lenses

2016-05-15 Pentax K1 Super Resolution Mode has Color Problems, Definitely an Adobe Camera Raw BUG — 3rd Example With 'Push'

2016-03-28 Fujifilm X-Pro2: Usability of In-Camera RAW-to-JPEG Feature

2016-03-28 Fujifilm X-Pro2 Raw Conversion: X-Pro2 vs SilkyPix vs Adobe Camera Raw vs Iridient Developer

2016-03-26 Fujifilm X-Pro2: How Good is White Balance?

2016-03-16 Fujifilm X-Pro2: Adobe Camera Raw Settings for Raw Conversion

2016-02-18 Pentax K1 Super Resolution Pixel Shift Mode

2016-01-28 White Balance and Tint for Canon 5DS R in Adobe Camera Raw in Overcast Daylight

2016-01-09 LED Lighting Reviewed: Cineo Matchbox and Dracast LED 500

2016-01-03 Leica SL: White Balance and Tint in Adobe Camera Raw

2015

2015-11-07 Accurate Color from a Lab and Printing on Canvas

2015-08-17 Sony A7R II: Long Exposure Examples at ISO 100, Including Raw Conversion and RawDigger Exposure Info

2015-08-09 Sony A7R II: White Balance and Tint in Adobe Camera Raw

2015-06-15 Reader Question: Which Raw Converter?

2015-06-06 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246: “Black Dot in White Spot” Artifacts

2015-01-09 HOORAY! Nikon First to (finally) offer a True RAW Histogram! (FALSE rumor)

2014

2014-12-21 On Sony

2014-12-07 Using Adobe Photoshop: Raw Conversion, Color Management, Dual Display Issues

2014-08-04 Nikon D810 vs D800E at ISO 3200, and is the D810 Sharper than the D800E? White Balance Diff?

2014-07-24 Pentax 645Z: Underexposing and Pushing by Up To Six Stops

2014-07-22 Reader Comments: D810 Review, Lenses, etc

2014-07-21 Nikon D810: How Much Underexposure Can It Take?

2014-05-14 Email Notifications for New Content Now Available to Subscribers

2014-05-09 Email Notifications Implemented, Available to Subscribers

2014-04-20 Camera Profiles: Converting Raw in Adobe Photoshop ACR or Lightroom for Fujifilm X or Sony A7R/A7

2014-02-04 Iridient Developer Updated for Fujifilm, Olympus, Panasonic, Canon, PhaseOne

2014-01-29 When Raw Cooks the Goose: Raw Converter Silent and Uncontrollable Correction for the Lens

2014-01-07 Olympus OM-D E-M1: Noise, Color Space for Raw Conversion, Sharpening

2014-01-06 Really Right Stuff TVC-44 Heavy Duty Tripod For Pullups and More

2013

2013-11-12 Moderating and Enhancing Contrast with Adobe Camera Raw

2013-10-26 Iridient Developer Updated for Nikon, Sony, Fujifilm, Panasonic, Leica

2013-10-11 iPhone 5s White Balance and Using JPEG vs DNG

2013-10-10 Leica Updates Firmware for M Typ 240

2013-10-10 Iridient Developer 2.3 Update Improves Sigma DP Merrill X3F Support, Adds Olympus E-M1 et al

2013-08-04 Reader Inquiry: Sony RX100 vs RX100 II

2013-07-20 Sigma Photo Pro Software for Sigma DP Merrill Cameras: Caution before Considering DP Merrill

2013-07-17 Leica M Typ 240: White Balance and Tint in Sunlight, and Which Profile in ACR?

2013-07-02 Ricoh GR Digital: White Balance and Tint (Portrait)

2013-07-02 Adobe Camera Raw White Balance and Tint with Ricoh GR (and maybe other brands?)

2013-06-27 Leica M Typ 240: White Balance and Tint in Sunlight

2013-04-17 Leica M Typ 240 / M240: Dynamic Range and Metering and Push/Pull.

2013-03-20 Sigma Photo Pro: Unacceptable Stability

2013-03-20 File Size as a Measure of Image Detail

2013-03-10 Playing with RAW

2013-03-10 Iridient Digital 'Iridient Developer' Now Handles Sigma DP Merrill X3F Files

2013-03-06 Sigma Photo Pro: Setting White Balance

2013-02-26 Adobe Camera Raw 7.4 rc1 on Fuji X Files

2013-02-11 Leica M Typ 240 / M240 Image Quality

2013-01-16 Fuji X Raw (ARW) Artifacting: ACR vs Capture One Pro 7.0.2

2013-01-14 Phase One Releases Capture One Pro 7.0.2 With Fujifilm X Support

2013-01-14 Phase One Capture One Pro with Fujifilm X Raw (ARW) Files? How well does it work?

2012

2012-12-01 Setting Low Contrast for RAW Histogram vs Live View Focusing

2012-10-21 Why Don’t Digital Cameras Offer a Perfect ETTR exposure?

2012-09-15 Leica M Monochrom: ISO 320 Noise with +1, +2, +3, +4 “Push”

2012-09-11 Workflow, RAW Conversion: Adobe Camera RAW (ACR) vs DXO Optics Pro

2012-08-12 Canon 85mm f/1.2L II (on 5D Mark III)

2012-04-18 Fuji X-Pro1: RAW Headroom vs JPEG

2011

2011-01-24 Zeiss 28mm f/2 Distagon new examples

2010

2010-04-22 RAW file processing on Apple MacBook Pro Core i7 with Lightroom, Aperture, CaptureONE Pro, DPP, NX2

2010-02-11 Bad lighting, Nikon D3s, Nikon 70-200mm f/2.8G VR II

2009

2009-05-21 Spyder Cube for white balance and exposure

2009-05-09 Spyder Cube for white balance and exposure

2009-01-22 Pushing the blacks — Nikon D3x vs Canon 5D Mark II

2008

2008-07-09 White balance for night scenes

2008-06-23 Nikon D3 white balance

2006

2006-04-10 How much do raw converters vary in image rendering?

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