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Depth of Field Mitigations

Increasing Depth of Field by means other than stopping down..

Focus Stacking Overview

Bypass the limits on depth of field and diffraction..

Focus Stacking Shooting Tips

Best practices for shooting stacking frames..

Focus Stacking Post-Processing

Post-Processing software and Technique..

Focus Stacking Examples

Examples of Focus Stacking..

Nikon D850 Focus Stacking

Unprecedented support for focus stacking in full-frame DSLR..

Nikon D850 Image Quality

Oustanding image quality, but with some limitations..

Nikon D850 Monochrome Conversion by MaxMax.com

D850 with the RGB Bayer matrix removed for a true monochrome sensor..

Nikon AF-S 28mm f/1.4E ED

Nikon’s finest wide angle lens..

Nikon 19mm f/4E ED PC-E

Ultra wide tilt/shift lens.

Pentax K-1

36-megapixel full-frame DSLR with SuperRes Pixel Shift Mode..

Sigma 14-24mm f/2.8 DG HSM Art

Superwide optimized zoom lens..

Sigma 24-35mm f/2 DG HSM Art

Mid-range optimized groundbreaking f/2 zoom..

Sigma 14mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art

A whopping 4/3 stop faster than other lenses in its range..

Sigma 40mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Extraordinary optical efforts for outstanding performance..

Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Sigma’s best portrait lens..

Sigma 135mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art

Fastest 135mm lens yet, with ultra high performance..

Nikon AF-S 60mm f/2.8G Macro

Comparing the new Nikon 60mm to its predecessors, and the Coastal Optics 60/4 APO..

Canon EF 16-35mm f/2.8L III

Is the 3rd time the charm?.

Nikon AF-S 105mm f/1.4E ED

Nikon’s best-ever f/1.4 lens?.

Medium Format Magazine

Articles written for MediumFormat.com..

Phase One XF and XT Full-Frame Medium Format

Phase One XF System, Phase One IQ4, Schneider Kreuznach Lenses.

Schneider Kreuznach LS 35mm f/3.5

Wide angle 24mm equivalent for Phase One XF system.

Schneider Kreuznach LS 80mm f/2.8

Compact normal 54mm equivalent for Phase One XF system.

Fujifilm GFX100

100 megapixels in a portable package!.

Fujifilm GFX100 Focus Stacking and FOCUS BKT

100 megapixels in a portable package!.

Fujifilm GFX100 Sensor Stabilization / IBIS

Sharp images at low shutter speeds..

Fujifilm GFX 50S Image Quality

Image quality assessments..

Fujifilm GF 23mm f/4 R WR

Ultra wide angle equivalent to 19mm f/3.3. .

Fujifilm GF 32-64mm f/4 R LM WR

Mid-range zoom lens equivalent to 26-53mm f/3.3..

Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR

Moderate wide angle equivalent to 37mm f/2.3..

Fujifilm GF 120mm f/4 Macro R LM OIS WR

High performance macro photography on medium format, equivalent to 99mm f/3.3..

Hasselblad H6D-100C

How does the very best perform in the field?.

Hasselblad HC 50mm f/3.5 II

High performance moderate wide angle.

Hasselblad HC Macro 120mm f/4 II

High performance all-arounder macro lens.

Hasselblad XCD 30mm f/3.5

25mm equivalent..

Milvus 15mm f/2.8

Milvus garb for the venerable 15/2.8 Distagon, with improved lens coating..

Milvus 18mm f/2.8

An outstanding 18mm design..

Milvus 25mm f/1.4

Highest performing 25mm from Zeiss ever..

Milvus 35mm f/1.4

Highest performing 35mm from Zeiss ever..

Milvus 100mm f/2M

The classic 100/2 Makro-Planar improved..

25mm f/2.8 Distagon

A gem with unusual close-focus..

Otus 28mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon

Fast high performance APO wide angle..

Otus 55mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon

Ultra high performance apochromatic normal lens, first in the Otus line..

135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar

Beautiful bokeh, razor sharp, superb color correction..

Canon RF 50mm f/1.2L USM

High speed normal lens optimized for Canon mirrorless..

Canon RF 85mm f/1.2L USM

High speed portrait lens optimized for Canon mirrorless..

Nikon Z7 Overview, Setup, General

Setup, IBIS performance, focusing..

Nikon Z7 IBIS and Focusing

Setup, IBIS performance, focusing..

Nikon NIKKOR Z 24-70mm f/2.8 S

Fast mid-range zoom expressly designed for Nikon Z cameras..

Sony Alpha A7R IV Design Issues

Bad behaviors, anti-design, issues ..

Sony FE 24mm f/1.4 GM

High performance wide angle..

Sony Planar T* FE 50mm f/1.4 ZA

Fast high performance normal lens of Zeiss design..

Sony FE 135mm f/1.4 GM

Top-grade telephoto..

Sigma 14-24mm f/2.8 DG DN Art

Native-mount ultra wide angle high performance zoom for mirrorless..

Sigma 35mm f/1.2 DG DN Art

Ultra high speed native-mount moderate wide angle..

Voigtlander FE 21mm f/1.4 Aspherical

Fast high performance manual focus wide angle..

Voigtlander FE 65mm f/2 Macro APO-Lanthar Aspherical

Ultra high grade performer at a modest price..

Sony FE 12-24mm f/4 G

Extreme wide angle zoom..

Sony FE 16-35mm f/2.8 GM

Pro-grade f/2.8 wide angle zoom..

Zeiss Loxia 25mm f/2.4 Distagon

Outstanding wide angle, superb performer..

Zeiss Loxia 35mm f/2 Biogon

Manual focus moderate wide angle for full-frame mirrorless..

Zeiss Loxia 85mm f/2.4 Sonnar

Manual focus telephoto lens for full-frame mirrorless..

Sigma dp0 Quattro

21mm f/5.6 equivalent FOV lens..

Leica M10

Leica M mount in slim body with SL-type sensor..


Blog posts, reverse chronological

2020

2020-01-10 Optimizing Zerene Stacker on High Core-Count Macs Like the 16-Core 2019 Mac Pro

2020-01-09 2019 Mac Pro vs 2019 iMac 5K: Focus Stacking Speed

2019

2019-12-09 Phase One IQ4 + Schneider Kreuznach LS 80mm f/2.8 Example: Last Change Wash (depth of field is nil on a 53.4 X 40 mm sensor!)

2019-12-04 Attention all Camera Makers: 23.5 Things To Please Your Customers

2019-11-24 Reader Comments: Whither Nikon?

2019-11-02 Herding Cats

2019-10-14 Voigtlander 65mm f/2 Macro APO-Lanthar Focus Stack: Twisted, Burned, Broken Downed Tree High in Pine Creek Canyon

2019-10-14 Sony A7R IV: Confusing Stop-Down Behavior, Camera Chooses Arbitrary/Unspecified Aperture for Viewing/Focusing

2019-10-14 Sigma 14-24mm f/2.8 DG DN Art Examples: Eastern Sierra at Pine Creek

2019-09-28 Nikon D850 Monochrome Examples in Eastern Sierra, Focus Stacked and Presented at Up to 182 Megapixels

2019-09-27 Jaw-Dropping Image Quality: Sony A7R IV with Sigma 14-24mm f/2.8 DG DN Art Examples: Eastern Sierra

2019-09-23 Sigma 35mm f/1.2 DG DN Art Aperture Series: Rocky Creekbed at Dusk (Sony A7R IV)

2019-09-10 Panoramic Focus Stacking with Fujifilm GFX100: View to Mono Craters from Dana Crest

2019-09-09 Focus Stacking Selfies with the Fujifilm GFX100 (Mt Whitney Zone Sign)

2019-09-01 Reader Question: Considering Focus Breathing Performance for Focus Stacking When Choosing a Lens

2019-08-30 Landscape Photographers Looking for Superior Results and Lowest Effort and Fewest Problems Go with Fujifilm GFX100, not Sony A7R IV

2019-08-25 Sony A7R IV Looks Flawed for My Purposes: Appear to Lack Focus Stacking Support and Lossless Compressed RAW

2019-08-24 Fujifilm GFX100 Focus Stacking in Tuolumne Grove, Yosemite

2019-08-20 Fujifilm GFX100 Focus Stacking Handheld with Sensor Stabilization (IBIS)

2019-08-20 Fujifilm GFX100 Focus Stacking For Selfies, People: White Mountain Peak, Mt Whitney

2019-08-18 Some Fujifilm GFX100 Behaviors also Apply to the coming Sony 7R IV

2019-08-16 Fujifilm GF 23mm f/4 R WR Focus Stacking Examples

2019-08-15 Fujifilm GF 120mm f/4 Macro R LM OIS WR Focus Stacking Examples

2019-08-14 Fujifilm GF 32-64mm f/4 R WR Focus Stacking Examples

2019-08-09 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR: Close-Range Focus Stacking

2019-08-06 Fujifilm GFX100: Focus Stacking Examples with Fujifilm GF 23mm f/4, Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8

2019-08-04 Fujifilm GFX100: Stunning Image Quality, How to use the FOCUS BKT Feature for Focus Stacking, and About its Damaging Bugs

2019-06-28 Leica 90mm f/2 APO-Summicron-SL Aperture Series: Painted Rock (Focus Stacked, Panasonic S1R Multi-Shot High-Res Mode)

2019-06-22 Leica 75mm f/2 APO-Summicron-SL Focus Stacking in Multi-Shot High-Res Mode, Plus HighRes Exmples (Panasonic S1R)

2019-06-18 Nikon NIKKOR Z 24-70mm f/2.8 S Aperture Series and Focus Stack @ 54mm: Old Gnarled Rootball (Nikon Z7)

2019-06-17 Nikon NIKKOR Z 24-70mm f/2.8 S Aperture Series and Focus Stack @ 24mm: Dead Trees in Defunct Beaver Pond (Nikon Z7)

2019-06-15 Sony FE 24mm f/1.4 GM Aperture Series: View Through Pines to Mono Lake (Sony A7R III)

2019-03-30 Reader Comment: First Impressions of Panasonic S1R

2019-03-16 Pentax K-1 Mark II: Using Pixel Shift with Focus Stacking

2018

2018-11-02 Canon RF 50mm f/1.2L USM Aperture Series: Beaver Pond Beaver Trail Through Reeds

2018-11-01 Canon RF 50mm f/1.2L USM Aperture Series: Beaver Pond Beaver Trail Through Reeds

2018-10-28 Focus Stacking with the Nikon Z7 Using the “Focus shift shooting” Feature: How To Configure, Plus Examples

2018-08-31 Zeiss Lenspire Articles—Read all 17

2018-08-25 Nikon Z7: Improved Focus Stacking Support

2018-07-15 Reader Comment: Automated Focus Stacking

2018-01-15 Reader Question: Automated Focus Stacking (solution: Nikon D850)

2018-01-15 Helicon Focus 7.0: Huge Improvement in Scalability for High Core Count Machines

2018-01-14 Zeiss Milvus 35mm f/1.4 Aperture Series and Focus Stack: Icy Boulder in Lee Vining Creek

2018-01-12 iMac Pro: Speed with Helicon Focus

2018-01-07 Testing the Apple iMac Pro + macOS Compatibility Issues with Zerene Stacker and Iridient Developer

2017

2017-12-17 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Examples: Lundy Canyon Just Before the Winter Solstice

2017-12-10 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Aperture Series with Focus Stack: West Walker Creek Meadow to Snowy Mountains

2017-12-10 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Aperture Series with Focus Stack: Boulder Escapee from Rockfall

2017-12-10 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Aperture Series with Focus Stack: Aspen Against Mountain at Dusk

2017-12-08 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Aperture Series with Focus Stack: Low and Close Viewpoint, Beaver Dam Pond

2017-12-08 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Aperture Series with Focus Stack: Indian Rock

2017-12-08 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Aperture Series with Focus Stack: Across Green Icy Lake to Blue Mountainside

2017-12-07 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Aperture Series with Focus Stack: Lundy Lake, Green Ice at Dam End

2017-12-07 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Aperture Series with Focus Stack: Frozen Beaver Ponds to Forest

2017-12-07 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Aperture Series with Focus Stack: 'Light-Colored Boulder Amid Sage and Boulder Field'

2017-12-06 Fujifilm GF 45mm f/2.8 R WR Aperture Series with Focus Stack: 'West Walker River in Noon Shade, Upstream View'

2017-12-04 New Article on Zeiss Lenspire Site: “Getting started with Focus Stacking – How to achieve more detailed images”

2017-12-04 Focus Stacking and Stitching: Ralf Graebner and his 'Change' series using found-on-the-street NYC quarter-dollar coins

2017-11-18 Reader Comments: Lenticular Clouds Shot with Nikon D850, Zeiss Milvus 35mm f/1.4

2017-11-14 The Significance of Automated Focus Stepping for Focus Stacking (Nikon D850)

2017-11-14 Deep Stacking with the Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art Using Nikon D850 'Focus shift shooting'

2017-11-13 Stacking at f/1.8?!

2017-11-13 Depth of Field Akin to f/128: an Incredible Near-Far Focus Stack with the Zeiss Milvus 18mm f/2.8

2017-11-11 Which is Better, Food or Water? (or wine) — Sony Alpha A7R III Pixel Shift vs Nikon D850 'Focus shift shooting'

2017-11-11 Late Season Shooting in the Eastern Sierra

2017-11-08 Reader Comment: Zeiss Milvus 25mm f/1.4 vs Nikon AF-S 24mm f/1.4 (manual focus vs autofocus)

2017-11-08 Nikon D850: Validating 'Focus shift shooting' in the Field: Does it really work well?

2017-11-07 Zeiss Otus 28mm f/1.4 APO-Distagon: Some New Focus Stacking images (Nikon D850)

2017-11-07 Zeiss Milvus 25mm f/1.4 Aperture Series + Focus Stack: Healthy Bristlecone Bark (Nikon D850)

2017-11-06 Zeiss Milvus 25mm f/1.4: a Few More Eastern Sierra Examples Added

2017-11-02 Zeiss Milvus 25mm f/1.4: Aperture Series + Focus Stack: Waterfall Icicles (Nikon D850)

2017-11-01 Zeiss Milvus 25mm f/1.4 Stacking Examples: Glacier Canyon and Dana Lakes (Nikon D850)

2017-11-01 Will we See Firmware Updates from Sony and Nikon for Pixel Shift and 'Focus shift shooting', respectively?

2017-10-30 Images Added for Various Lenses

2017-10-29 Sigma 14mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art Aperture Series + Focus Stack: Boulder View to Sub-Peak of Mt Conness

2017-10-29 Scenes Where Focus Stacking Makes all the Difference

2017-10-28 Critical Tip on Focus Stacking Focusing, Particularly with Nikon D850 Autofocus

2017-10-27 Nikon D850: 'Focus shift shooting' Feature Most Important Feature since Live View; Focus Stacking is the ONLY Solution to Full Resolution Images

2017-10-26 Nikon D850 vs Nikon D810: Comparing Night Shots

2017-10-25 Nikon D850: 'Focus Shift Shooting' at Close Range

2017-10-24 Zeiss Milvus 25mm f/1.4 Aperture Series: Colorful Green Boulder, Dusk (Nikon D850)

2017-10-24 Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art Aperture Series: View Over Conness Creek Drainage to Saddlebag Lake (Nikon D850)

2017-10-24 Nikon D850: 'Focus Shift Shooting' Feature is a Reason by Itself to buy the Nikon D850 — Saves Time, Guarantees Peak Quality

2017-10-22 Zeiss Milvus 25mm f/1.4 Examples: Yosemite High Country (Nikon D850)

2017-10-22 Zeiss Milvus 25mm f/1.4 Aperture Series: Stunted Aspen, Last Light on Granite Bowl (Nikon D850)

2017-10-22 Zeiss Milvus 25mm f/1.4 Aperture Series: Large Boulder, Waterfall, Last Light on Canyon Ridge (Nikon D850)

2017-10-16 Reader Comment: Focus Stacking + Time Efficiency with Photography

2017-10-13 Zeiss Milvus 35mm f/1.4 Aperture Series: Low View of Bristlecone Trunks (Nikon D850)

2017-10-10 Nikon D850: 45 megapixels + Zeiss Milvus 35/1.4 + Focus Stacking Can Make Incredible Detailed Images.

2017-10-05 Zeiss Milvus 35mm f/1.4: Examples, Eastern Sierra

2017-09-26 Sigma 14mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art Aperture Series: Dead and Live Aspen, Dusk

2017-09-24 Zeiss Milvus 35mm f/1.4 Distagon: Excellent for Focus Stacking

2017-09-22 Sigma 14mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art Aperture Series: Focus Stacking Versus Single Frame

2017-08-29 New Article on Zeiss Lenspire Site: “Micro Contrast and the Zeiss 'Pop'”

2017-08-27 New Article on Zeiss Lenspire Site: “Zoom or Prime Lens? Normal Lenses”

2017-08-23 Sony 16-35mm f/2.8 GM Examples: Rock Creek and Morgan Lakes area

2017-08-23 Sony 12-24mm f/4 G Examples: Rock Creek and Morgan Lakes area

2017-08-19 Sony 12-24mm f/4 G @ 24mm: Single Frame Performance at f/11 vs Focus Stacking at f/11 (Downed Tree, Last Kiss of Sunlight)

2017-08-19 Sony 12-24mm f/4 G @ 12mm: Single Frame Performance at f/11 vs Focus Stacking at f/11 (Pine at Morgan Lake)

2017-08-09 Sony 16-35mm f/2.8 GM: Single Frame Performance at f/9 vs Focus Stacking at f/9 (Flowers Amid Bristlecones)

2017-08-09 Sony 16-35mm f/2.8 GM: Single Frame Performance at f/9 vs Focus Stacking at f/9 (Bristlecone Log Low View)

2017-08-03 Nikon 28mm f/1.4E Aperture Series: Fishing Boats at Dawn, Lundy Lake

2017-07-03 Fujifilm GF 23mm f/4 R WR Aperture Series: Dark Rocks and Flowing Water, Upstream View (Fujifilm GFX)

2017-05-22 New Article on Zeiss Lenspire Site: “Zoom or Prime Lens? A series by Lloyd Chambers”

2017-05-11 Sigma 135mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art Aperture Series with Focus Stack: Rodin Burghers of Calais

2017-05-11 Sigma 135mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art Aperture Series with Focus Stack: Quadrangle at Dusk

2017-04-13 Fujifilm GF 32-64mm f/4 @32mm Focus Stack: Barroom Interior

2017-04-11 Fujifilm GF 32-64mm f/4 Aperture Series @35mm + Focus Stack: Decrepit Truck

2017-04-10 Fujifilm GF 32-64mm f/4 Focus Stack: Sunlit Picnic Table in Snow Squall

2017-03-03 Hasselblad X1D + Hasselblad XCD 30mm f/3.5 Aperture Series: Mosaic

2017-03-03 Hasselblad X1D + Hasselblad XCD 30mm f/3.5 Aperture Series at Night

2017-02-16 New Article on Zeiss Lenspire Site: “Zoom or Prime Lens? A series by Lloyd Chambers”

2016

2016-11-22 Zeiss Loxia 85mm f/2.4: Focus Stacking with Moving Water, and Other Examples

2016-11-01 Approaching Potential Sensor Resolution: Focus Stacking at 50 Megapixels (Lundy Beaver Pond, Canon 5Ds R)

2016-10-29 Approaching Potential Sensor Resolution: Focus Stacking at 50 Megapixels (Spotted Boulder, Canon 5Ds R)

2016-10-21 Late October Photo Tour in Yosemite or Eastern Sierra

2016-10-15 Why Lens Performance Matters for Focus Stacking

2016-10-09 Sigma dp0 and dp1 Quattro: Razor Sharp Detail

2016-09-23 September/October Photo Tour on Focus Stacking (or Other Things), Yosemite Area

2016-09-04 Focus Stacking with Sony 85/1.4 GM: Getting that Impossible Depth of Field for Landscape Scenes

2016-08-28 Focus Stacking: Banishes Depth of Field Limitations for Many Field Images

2016-08-09 August Photo Tour on Focus Stacking, Yosemite Area

2016-08-04 My Articles on the Zeiss Lenspire Site

2016-07-19 An In-Depth Look at Focus Stacking in 'Making Sharp Images'

2016-07-15 Depth of field and Sharpness: Conventional Thinking is Unrealistic Going Forward, Focus Stacking is One Solution

2016-06-09 Focus Stacking with the Zeiss Otus 28mm f/1.4 Distagon for Outdoor Scenes

2016-06-02 An Expert at Focus Stacking Comments on the Pentax K1 and Its Image Quality

2016-05-27 Sony FE PZ 28-135mm f/4G OSS on A7R II

2016-05-22 Bellows Systems for Nikon, Canon, Leica, Sony: Why Consider Them?

2016-05-20 Zerene Stacker for Focus Stacking

2016-05-19 PENTAX K1: Focus Stacking in SuperRes Pixel Shift Mode, 'Ultegra Cassette'

2016-05-19 Nikon D810 + Zeiss 135mm f/2 APO-Sonnar: Focus Stacking 'Ultegra Cassette'

2016-05-18 PENTAX K1: Focus Stacking in SuperRes Pixel Shift Mode, 'Pair of Pears'

2014

2014-05-21 Increasing Depth of Field via Focus Stacking (Wagon, 280/4 APO)

2009

2009-08-29 Snow Leopard 64-bit kernel mode a big win for Helicon Focus

2009-02-07 Helicon focus example

2009-02-05 Forever focus

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