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Digital Sensor Technology

Digital capture technology is discrete, and not the same as film..

Color Gamut and Color Space

Color space for digital images. .

Workflow Tips and technique

An introduction to digital workflow and best practices. .

Photoshop How-To

Working with Photoshop for raw conversion and more. .

Faux HDR and High Dynamic Range

Tips for processing high dynamic range images. .

Frame Averaging

Maximizing dynamic range and image quality by minimizing noise via multiple exposures..

Expose To The Right (ETTR)

Maximizing image quality, dynamic range, minimizing digital noise. .

Nikon D850

The best becomes better..

Nikon D850 Image Quality

Oustanding image quality, but with some limitations..

Nikon D810

Improvements on the workhorse D800E..

Nikon D800E

36 megapixels in a compact full-frame DSLR..

Nikon D800 / D800E Image Quality Best Practices

Image quality best practices and how-to with the Nikon D800/D800E..

Nikon D800E vs D800

D800E supplement and comparisons with Nikon D800..

Nikon D850 Monochrome Conversion by

D850 with the RGB Bayer matrix removed for a true monochrome sensor..

Nikon Df

Full-frame 16 megapixel Retro Style DSLR..

Nikon D800E vs Canon EOS 5D Mark III

Comparing the 2012/2013 high-res pro DSLRs..

Nikon D4

Nikon’s pro-body high speed low light wonder..

Nikon D5

High speed big brick shooter..

Canon EOS 1D X

18 megapixel big black brick, Canon’s top of the line DSLR..

Canon EOS 5D Mark III

22 megapixel successor to the popular 5D Mark II..

Canon EOS 5DS / 5DS R

50 megapixel successor to the 22 megapixel Canon 5D Mark III..

Nikon D3s

Nikon D3s low-light versatile DSLR..

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV

30 megapixel successor to the 22 megapixel Canon 5D Mark III..

Sony A900

The 24.6 megapixel Sony A900 digital SLR is compared with Canon’ top-of-the-line 21.1MP EOS 1Ds Mark III. A field report including two comparisons with the Canon 1Ds Mark IIII, example images in color and black and white, and the Zeiss ZA 135mm f/1.8 Sonnar. Anti-Shake (SteadyShot) is assessed, as is noise behavior..

Nikon AF-S 200mm f/2 VR (v1)

Ultra fast 200mm with gorgeous bokeh.

Nikon D3x 24.4-megapixel DSLR review

Includes: D3x resolution comparisons (res chart) with Nikon D3, Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III, resolution comparison on outdoor shot with Nikon D3, large examples, large wildlife examples, Nikon 200mm f/2 VR on D3x, long exposure noise ISO series, D3x sensitivity on diffraction, D3x dynamic range at ISO 100 vs ISO 50, D3x vs D3 color and noise..

Long exposures with Nikon D3x, D3, Canon 5D Mark II

Long exposure noise performance with the Nikon D3x, D3 and Canon 5D Mark II at ISOs from 50 through 25600..

Noise ×4: Nikon D3x, Nikon D3, Canon 5D Mark II, & Canon 1Ds Mark III

Noise performance of early 2009’ premier digital SLRs. ISOs from 50 through 25600, dark area noise, noise reduction effects, noise versus resolution. Can more smaller pixels beat fewer large ones?.

Canon 1D Mark IV

Canon 1D Mark IV 16-megapixel DSLR..

Canon EOS 5D Mark II review

Canon 5D Mark II impressions.

Nikon vs Canon: noise and sharpness

Nikon vs Canon: Noise and Sharpness.

Historical perspective on digital technology.

The rapid evolution of digital imaging quality..

Pentax K-1 Mark II

Verions 2 — 36-megapixel full-frame DSLR with SuperRes Pixel Shift Mode..

Pentax K-1

36-megapixel full-frame DSLR with SuperRes Pixel Shift Mode..

Pentax HD FA 50mm f/1.4 SDM AW

All-new high performance design..

Pentax K-3 II (APS-C)

24-megapixel APS-C DSLR with SuperResolution true-color..

Pentax K-3 (APS-C)

23-megapixel APS-C DSLR with an unusual feature set..

Canon 40mm f/2.8 STM

Canon’s tiny and lovely pancake lens..

Canon 100mm f/2.8L Macro IS

Canon 100mm f/2.8L Macro IS .

Sigma 24mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art

Sigma’s fast high performance wide angle..

Sigma Telephoto APO Macro Lenses: 150mm, 180mm

Sigma’s fast telephoto APO macro lenses..

Sigma Super Tele Varifocal 120-300mm f/2.8 DG OS HSM S

Sigma’s fast an flexible moderate super telephoto..

Coastal Optics 60mm f/4 UV-VIS-IR APO Macro

A superlative multi-spectral lens with perfect color correction..

Medium Format Magazine

Articles written for

Phase One XF and XT Full-Frame Medium Format

Phase One XF System, Phase One IQ4, Schneider Kreuznach Lenses.

Schneider Kreuznach LS 35mm f/3.5

Wide angle 24mm equivalent for Phase One XF system.

Schneider Kreuznach LS 150mm f/2.8 IF

Medium telephoto 100mm equivalent for Phase One XF system.

Fujifilm GFX100S/100 Comparisons

Is 100 better than 45/50/60 megapixels?.

Fujifilm GFX100S

100 megapixels in a body the size of a 35mm DSLR!.

Fujifilm GFX100

100 megapixels in a portable package!.

Fujifilm GFX100 Image Quality

Aspects of image quality..

Fujifilm GFX 50R Operational Aspects

Experience, reader insights, etc..

Fujifilm GFX 50S/R Image Processing

Tips on getting the best results..

Fujifilm GFX 50S Image Quality

Image quality assessments..

Fujifilm GF 23mm f/4 R WR

Ultra wide angle equivalent to 19mm f/3.3. .

Fujifilm GF 35-70mm f/4.5-5.6

Compact wide angle.

Fujifilm GF 50mm f/3.5 R LM WR

Slightly wide compact normal lens equivalent to 41mm f/2.9..

Fujifilm GF 110mm f/2 R WR

Ultra high speed telephoto equivalent to 90mm f/1.6..

Fujifilm GF 120mm f/4 Macro R LM OIS WR

High performance macro photography on medium format, equivalent to 99mm f/3.3..

Hasselblad HC 50mm f/3.5 II

High performance moderate wide angle.

Hasselblad X2D 100C

Mirrorless large format with leaf shutter lenses, 3rd generation..

Optimal Images from Hasselblad X1D II 50C

Tips on Getting the Best Results..

Hasselblad X1D Imaging Quality

Performance both in the field and controlled conditions..

Optimal Images from Hasselblad X1D

Tips on Getting the Best Results..

Hasselblad XCD 30mm f/3.5

25mm equivalent..

Hasselblad XCD 38mm f/2.5 V

Normal lens equivqlent to 32mm..

Pentax 645D 40-Megapixel Medium Format DSLR

A price/performance breakthrough?.

Pentax 645Z Image Quality

High end image quality, but what about lenses?.

Pentax 645 Lenses (645D tests)

A variety of 645 lens tests on the 645D.

Mamiya DL28 medium format 28 megapixel system

The Mamiya DL28 offers the Mamiya 645 AFD III, the new Sekor AF 80mm f/2.8D lens and the Leaf Aptus-II 6 digital back. Image quality is outstanding and the DL28 should definitely be considered by anyone looking into medium format..

Leica S Examples

Examples and comparison from the various lenses.

Canon EOS R

Canon’s first full-frame mirrorless..

Canon EOS R5

Canon’s high-res mirrorless..

Canon RF 85mm f/1.2L USM

High speed portrait lens optimized for Canon mirrorless..

Nikon Z7 Image Quality

Image quality..

Sony A7R V

5th Generation standard-setting camera..

Sony A1

Technological tour de force..

Sony A1 Setup and Configuration

Menus, buttons, customization..

Sony A1 Eye AF

Eye autofocus with humans, animals, birds..

Sony Alpha A7R IV

4th Generation standard-setting camera..

Sony Alpha A7R III

Attention to details: a solid upgrade over the A7R II..

Sony Alpha A7R II

Attention to details: a big upgrade over the A7R..

Sony Alpha A7R

Full frame compact mirrorless with interchangeable lenses..

Sony Alpha A9

Blackout-free 20 fps speed demon..

Sony Alpha A7S II

High performance full frame 12-megapixel sensor..

Sony Alpha A7S

Full frame compact 12-megapixel high-sensitivity sensor with 4K video..

Sony FE 35mm f/2.8 ZA Sonnar

Compact moderate wide angle for Sony mirrorless..

Sony FE 50mm f/1.2 GM

High performance, high speed..

Sigma FE 85mm f/1.4 DG DN Art

Ultra high performance medium telephoto..

Voigtlander FE 65mm f/2 Macro APO-Lanthar Aspherical

Ultra high grade performer at a modest price..

Sony FE 12-24mm f/2.8 GM

Fast extreme wide angle zoom..

Sony FE 12-24mm f/4 G

Extreme wide angle zoom..

Samyang FE 24mm T/1.5

Wide angle lens adapted from DSLR, native E-mount, all manual..

Ricoh GXR with A12 Mount for Leica M Lenses.

Use Leica M lenses on a digital back designed for them..

Fujifilm Finepix X100

The best compact big-sensor digital camera yet?.

Ricoh GR

Razor sharp 28mm lens on APS-C sensor and outstanding usability and features..

Sony Cybershot RX1R II

Diminutive full-frame camera with 35mm f/2 fixed lens..

Sony Cybershot DSC-RX1 / RX1R

Full frame camera in an ultra-compact body with or without anti-aliasing filter..

Sony DSC-RX100

Stunningly high image quality in a 20MP point and shoot tiny camera..


Stunningly high image quality in a 20MP point and wide range zoom..

Olympus Zuiko SHG 14-35mm f/2 ED

Ultra high performance zoom lens..

Olympus M.Zuiko 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO

Wide angle zoom equivalent (14-28mm equivalent)..

Olympus Zuiko 12mm f/2 ED

A compact high performance fast wide angle..

Olympus Zuiko 75mm f/1.8 ED Telephoto

Beautiful bokeh, long reach fast speed, compact lens..

Olympus OM-D E-M1

A worthy upddate to the E-M5 with pro-grade build quality..

Olympus OM-D E-M5

Superb ergonomic design in a compact camera..

Olympus OM-D E-M5 Mark II

Updated model with HighRes sensor shift mode..

Panasonic Lumix GH3

Full size m4/3 camera body with a video orientation..

Comparisons across format.

Can smaller sensor cameras compete with larger ones on any basis?.

Olympus E-P1 micro-4/3 camera

Great image quality, but....

Panasonic G-1 micro-4/3 camera

Panasonic G-1 especially compared to the Olympus E-P1. Intriguing results with RAW vs in-camera JPEG. RAW file included for your own analysis..

Fujifilm X-Pro1

Interchangeable lenses on a 16MP APS-C sensor.

Fujifilm X-Pro2

Fujifilm's 24MP APS-C offering..

Sony NEX-7 and NEX-5N

24 or 16 megapixels in a compact body with APS-C sensor..

Sony Alpha A6000

Value camera: 24 megapixel APS-C sensor with EVF and vibration-free shutter..

Zeiss Loxia 25mm f/2.4 Distagon

Outstanding wide angle, superb performer..

Zeiss Loxia 35mm f/2 Biogon

Manual focus moderate wide angle for full-frame mirrorless..

Leica X Vario

Leica’s 28-70mm APS-C compact camera..

Panoramas with the iPhone 6s Plus

Shooting + post processing tips with high-res examples..

Leica X2

Leica’s large-sensor 'affordable' compact camera..

Overview of Sigma Foveon Sensor cameras

Foveon X3 true-color sensor for outstanding resolution..

Sigma sd Quattro

Mirrorless Sigma Quattro sensor with interchangeable lenses..

Sigma dp0 Quattro

21mm f/5.6 equivalent FOV lens..

Sigma dp2 Quattro

45mm f/2.8 equivalent FOV lens..

Sigma DP1 Merrill

28mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Sigma DP2 Merrill

45mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Sigma DP3 Merrill

75mm f/2.8 equivalent lens on APS-C sensor..

Leica M11

Leica M 60 Megapixels..

Leica M10-R

Leica M 40 Megapixels..

Leica M10 Monochrom

Leica M 40 megapixel monochrome sensor..

Leica M10

Leica M mount in slim body with SL-type sensor..

Leica M Typ 240 In Use

Overall design and behavior..

Leica M Monochrom (original)

Ultimate resolution in black and white..

Leica M Monochrom Typ 246

24-megapixel CMOS monochrome sensor..

Leica M Monochrom In the Field

Field shooting the Leica MM, and comparisons..

Leica Q (Typ 116)

24-megapixel fixed lens compact full-frame..

Leica M9: User’s Guide and Review

High resolution digital rangefinder.

Leica 18mm f/3.8 Super-Elmar-M ASPH

Leica’s widest prime lens..

Leica 24mm f/3.8 Elmar-M ASPH

Leica’s best-performing 24mm, and with a flat field..

Leica 28mm f/2 Summicron-M ASPH (pre-2016)

Leica’s widest lens utilizing built-in frame lines..

Leica 35mm f/2 APO-Summicron-M ASPH

High performance moderate wide angle..

Leica 50mm f/1.4 Summilux-M ASPH

Leica’s superlative normal lens..

Zeiss ZM 28mm f/2.8 C-Biogon

Compact wide angle..

Zeiss ZM 35mm f/1.4 Distagon

Fast and ultra high performance moderate wide angle rangefinder lens..

Zeiss ZM 35mm f/2 Biogon

All around razor sharp performer..

Voigtlander Nokton 35mm f/1.2 II ASPH

Fastest 35mm lens for Leica M, great ergonomics..

Voigtlander M 50mm f/2 APO-Lanthar Aspherical

World-class performer for Leica M..


ARCHIVAL MATERIAL. Terrific backup bodies or even primary body for M-mount lenses..

Blog posts, reverse chronological


2023-01-31 Sony 16-shot Pixel Shift Works in the Field, Trounces the Fujifilm GFX100S, Might Match the PhaseOne IQ4 150

2023-01-29 Extreme Resolution, Ultra Low Noise: Sony A7R V Pixel Shift: 16-Shot vs 4-Shot vs Single-Shot: Dolls


2022-12-31 Sony Pixel Shift: Outstanding Results, but Botched Design for Motion Correction Ignores Benefits of Frame Averaging, Increases Noise

2022-12-29 Sony Pixel Shift: Outstanding Results, but Botched Design for Motion Correction Ignores Benefits of Frame Averaging, Increases Noise —  OOPS

2022-03-18 Noise-Canceling Headphones: Apple Airpod Max vs Sony WH-1000XM4

2022-03-16 Frame Averaging: How it Should Work on Every Camera

2022-03-08 Brain-Saver: Sony WH-1000XM4 Noise-Canceling Headphones... Proven the Test of Time

2022-02-13 Olympus OM-1 Announced, Available for PreOrder

2022-01-29 Leica M11 ISO Series 64 to 50000, 18MP S-DNG vs 60MP L-DNG

2022-01-22 Leica M11 ISO Series 64 to 50000, 36MP M-DNG vs 60MP L-DNG

2022-01-21 Leica M11 ISO Series: ISO 64 to ISO 50000, With/Without Chroma Noise Reduction, RGB and R/G/B Color Channels


2021-10-30 Canon EOS R5: Mitigating Auto Exposure Errors for Superior Captures, Lower Noise and Higher Dynamic Range

2021-10-24 Canon EOS R5, a few Quick Impressions

2021-09-10 First Look at Leica SL2 Multi-Shot High-Res Mode (Updated.v2 with comments)

2021-09-04 Reader Comment: Fujifilm GFX50S II for Monochrome Conversion and Infrared as Companion Camera to Fujifilm GFX100S?

2021-08-12 Reader Comment, Sony A1: Horizontal Stripes in Blue Channel on Some Colors such as Sunflowers (PDAF banding?)

2021-07-24 Fujifilm GFX100: Horizontal White Stripes a Problem for Numerous Images from my last trip

2021-06-02 Fujifilm GF 80mm f/1.7 R WR: Is It Prone to AF Motor Failures?

2021-06-01 Don’t even Think about Using the Fujifilm GFX100S for Monochrome Landscape Images — Horizontal White Stripes Make Images Unusable

2021-04-30 Fujifilm GFX100S: Unacceptable Image Quality for Monochrome Images  — Horizontal White Stripes

2021-04-29 Fujifilm GFX100S: Dark Frame Noise in 14-Bit and 16-Bit

2021-04-08 Sony A1 Image Quality: ISO Invariance — Which ISO to Use, When a Push is Just Fine, Noise and Hot Pixels

2021-04-04 Shootout: Sony A1 vs Sony A7R IV from ISO 100 to ISO 102400, Noise, Hot Pixels, Sharpness, Color

2021-03-29 Reader Comment: Fujifilm GFX100S and Captures for Monochrome

2021-03-15 Sony A1 PDAF Banding

2021-03-09 Sony A1 vs Sony A7R IV: Noise, Pattern Noise and Just How Poor the Analysis Tends to Be

2021-03-09 How will the Fujifilm GFX100S Fare as to PDAF Banding

2021-02-10 Inexpensive Camera for Wildlife: Olympus E-M1 Mark II + Reader Comments

2021-02-02 Just How Good is the Fujifilm GFX100S for Monochrome vs the Leica M10 Monochrom and/or Nikon D850 Monochrome?

2021-01-08 Sensor Bifurcation, Stitched Sensors: Affects Leica M10 Monochrom, Leica M10-R, Leica SL2, some Medium Format

2021-01-06 Leica M10 Monochrome: an Essay on Its Noise Characteristics vs Alternatives


2020-12-30 Leica M10R Long Exposures (Alabama Hills View To Mt Whitney)

2020-12-28 Some of my Favorite Stuff and Top Picks at B&H Photo

2020-12-25 Leica M10 Monochrom, Reader Comments

2020-12-08 Apple Airpods Max: gorgeous design, but are they competitive with my Sony WH-1000XM4 Noise-Canceling Headphones?

2020-06-13 Abandoning Adobe Camera Raw Enhance Details—Crosshatching Pattern Noise

2020-05-28 Reader Question on Hasselblad X1D II: Overheating?


2019-12-29 Brain-Saver: Sony Noise-Canceling Headphones... just ordered Sony In-Ear Noise Canceling Earphones Too

2019-11-28 Need Advice/Help with Phase One Capture One Pro Sharpening Tools (UPDATE with reader comments)

2019-11-28 Brain-Saver: Sony Noise-Canceling Headphones... will Sony In-Ear Noise Canceling Earphones Also Work Well?

2019-11-20 Preferences Menu Missing in Photoshop CC 2019 and 2020 on all 3 of my Macs

2019-11-19 Reader Comments/Questions on the Apple 2019 MacBook Pro

2019-11-03 Voigtlander 65mm f/2 APO Macro-Lanthar Aperture Series: 'View to Mt Conness from Tuolumne Meadows Area, Early Night' — also evaluates long exposure noise on Sony A7R IV

2019-10-23 Adobe Camera Raw Enhance Details Produces Striping Pattern Noise on Nikon D850, Other Cameras

2019-09-27 Nikon D850 Monochrome: Blending Two Exposure Bracketed Frames for a 4X Reduction in Noise

2019-09-21 Exploring Frame Averaging for Sony A7R IV (Updated with reader comments)

2019-09-19 Frame Averaging for Ultra Low Noise with the Nikon D850 Monochrome (but works for any camera, color or monochrome): Moots MootoX YBB 29er

2019-09-17 Nikon D850 Monochrome: Initial Example, and Frame Averaging for Ultra Low Noise (updated with comments, Sony A7R IV Potential)

2019-09-16 Sony A7R IV Image Quality: Crosshatching Pattern Noise with Adobe Camera Raw Enhance Details

2019-09-14 Reader Comment: Nikon Z7 vs Nikon Z6 for Focusing Tracking and Noise

2019-08-05 Fujifilm GFX100: those PDAF Pixels Make Me Wish I Could have a GFX100 Without Them

2019-07-27 Fujifilm GFX Image Quality: Crosshatching Pattern Noise with Adobe Camera Raw Enhance Details

2019-07-26 Brain-Saver: Sony Noise-Canceling Headphones... will Sony In-Ear Noise Canceling Earphones Also Work Well?

2019-06-26 Computational Photography: PhaseOne Introduces Automated Frame Averaging

2019-04-30 Quick Take: the Nikon D850 Looks Very Noisy Compared to Panasonic S1R

2019-04-25 Thoughts on Ultra High Resolution Imagery with Multi-Shot High-Res Mode

2019-04-20 Panasonic S1R: Improvement in Noise Level Using Multi-Shot High-Res Mode vs Single Shot

2019-04-13 Panasonic S1R: True ISO 50, not a Faux ISO — Kudos to Panasonic (UPDATED: “true ISO” is not a thing for RAW)

2019-04-11 Panasonic S1R Noise / ISO Series from ISO 50 to ISO 51200

2019-03-17 Pentax HD FA 50mm f/1.4 SDM Examples: White Mountains (Pentax K1 II)

2019-02-04 Brain-Saver: Sony WH-1000XM3 Wireless Noise-Canceling Over-Ear Headphones


2018-11-27 How Good is the Resolving Power of the Pentax K-1 Mark II versus a 100-Megapixel Medium Format Camera

2018-10-17 Nikon Z7 ISO Series from ISO 64 to ISO 25600 (Juniper over Beaver Pond)

2018-10-06 Testing the Nikon Z7 for Pattern Noise in Typical Landscape Scenario

2018-10-01 With Suggestions of Pattern/Banding Noise in the New Nikon Z7, It Might Make Sense to RENT Before Buying

2018-09-04 Sensor Technology: Might Panasonic/Fujifilm Deliver an Awesome New Organic High Dynamic Range 8K Sensor That Competes with Sony?

2018-08-31 What’s Next for Mirrorless? Canon For Sure, but What About...

2018-08-24 Comments on Nikon Z7 Features

2018-08-13 Sony A7R III: the Noise Behavior that Has Been Troublesome to Me — Updated, PhaseOne CaptureOne PRO (Repost)

2018-07-25 Hasselblad PR: “Real World” Comparison: Nikon D850 with Decrepit Nikon 17-35mm f/2.8 Zoom Compared Without Format Equivalence or Validation of Basics

2018-03-21 Experience Report: Concussion (“Moderate to Severe”) aka Mild Traumatic Brain Injury via a Short Flight at 25 mph into Embankment from Bike

2018-01-16 Nikon Updates D850 Firmware to Fix the Long Exposure Noise Reduction (LENR) Bug


2017-12-29 Nikon D850: Long Exposure Noise Reduction Appears to Cause Considerable Damage to Image Quality... By Greatly Increasing Noise!

2017-12-28 Sony A7R III: the Noise Behavior that Has Been Troublesome to Me — Updated, PhaseOne CaptureOne PRO (UPDATED)

2017-12-26 Sony A7R III: the Noise Behavior that Has Been Troublesome to Me

2017-12-16 Reader Comments: Sony A7R III

2017-12-15 Sony A7R III: First Look with/without Pixel Shift with Sony Imaging Edge vs Adobe Camera Raw

2017-12-15 Sony A7R III, Pixel Shift, and Sony’s Imaging Edge/Viewer Software

2017-11-26 What Would the Arrival of a 100-Megapixel Fujifilm GFX and/or Hasselblad X1D Mean for the DSLR and Mirrorless Options?

2017-11-18 Nikon D850: Is Lack of Availability Due to Limited Sensor Supply? Whose Sensor?

2017-10-28 Sony Alpha A7R III: Pixel Shift Facts

2017-10-26 Nikon D850 vs Nikon D810: Comparing Night Shots

2017-10-13 Nikon D850: Finest Long Exposure DSLR I Have Ever Seen by Leaps and Bounds

2017-10-12 Nikon D850: Something Special

2017-10-10 Shootout: Nikon D850 vs D810 for Low ISO Noise (Sprinter Van)

2017-10-09 Nikon D850: ISO 31 vs ISO 64 and vs D810

2017-09-30 Nikon D850 Dynamic Range: Lower Morgan Lake Backlit Tree

2017-09-29 Nikon D850: First Look at Noise Under Field Conditions, Gross Underexposure

2017-09-27 Nikon D850: First Look at Noise Under Field Conditions, Gross Underexposure

2017-09-27 Nikon D850 ISO Series from 64 to 25600: Creek to Pines to Mountain Peaks

2017-09-14 Nikon D850: Firsthand Reader Comments on Ergonomics and Image Quality

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Video Features

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Metering (I Want Auto-ETTR!)

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Image Quality Across the ISO Range Improved, What About ISO 64?

2017-08-26 Nikon D850: Evaluating Noise Properly

2017-07-17 Leica M10 ISO Series from ISO 100 to ISO 6400

2017-06-04 Sony A9: Two Examples of Pattern/Banding Noise at ISO 100 (Pine Creek Skyline, Mt Tom) + Reader Comments

2017-05-25 Sony A9: Pattern/Banding Noise at ISO 100 (plus reader comments)

2017-04-19 Sony’s New α9 Camera Appears to Target the High-End Sport Shooter Market

2017-03-14 Optimal Exposure via ETTR Can Deliver More Noise Benefit than Medium Format vs 35mm

2017-03-13 Hasselblad X1D: Better to Use Camera ISO or Push Base ISO 100 to Equivalent Higher ISO?

2017-01-18 Leica M10: Inertial Design


2016-09-19 Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II: Major Improvements and New Features

2016-07-21 Leica SL: Hot Pixels + Pattern Noise at ISO 100

2016-07-20 Pentax K1: File Quality and Noise from ISO 100 to ISO 204800 (Jagged Bristlecone Stump)

2016-05-08 Sony 85mm f/1.4 Scratchy/Noisy Focusing: I Heard None with my Sample

2016-05-07 Pentax K1 Thoughts

2016-04-12 Nikon D5: File Size as a Metric for ISO Quality

2016-04-09 Nikon D5 ISO Series from 50 to 102400 with/without Chroma Noise Reduction

2016-02-26 Pentax K3 II: SuperResolution Pixel Shift Mode vs StdRes: Tarnished Silver Dragonfly Pitcher

2016-02-19 Reader Comment: Sony A7R II in Extreme Cold

2016-02-18 Pentax K1 Super Resolution Pixel Shift Mode

2016-02-03 Sony A6300, and the Fujifilm X-Pro2


2015-12-11 Sony RX1R II: Noise from ISO 100 - ISO 102K (Pescadero Creek, Downstream)

2015-11-09 Sony A7S II: Real-World ISO 100 to ISO 410000 with and without Chroma Noise Reduction (Campfire)

2015-08-21 Sony A7R II: Where is Pixel Shift?

2015-08-17 Sony A7R II: Long Exposure Noise Reduction on/off at ISO 100 @ 30 sec + Chroma Noise Reduction (Egg-Shaped Boulder)

2015-08-10 Sony A7R II: Assessing Long Exposure Noise Reduction at ISO ~50/100/200

2015-08-10 Reader Inquiry: Sony A7R II vs Sony A7s High ISO Noise

2015-08-08 Sony A7R II: Assessing Dynamic Range on a Scene that Exceeds the Camera’s Ability

2015-06-25 Canon 5DS R: Noise Under Real-World Conditions in the Field

2015-06-19 Noise Comparison: Canon 5DS R vs Canon 5D Mark III

2015-06-19 Canon 5DS R: Chroma Noise Reduction at ISO 12800 in Adobe Camera Raw

2015-06-17 Canon 5DS R: Sharpness, Noise, Monochrome Potential

2015-06-16 Canon 5DS R: Sharpness, Noise, Monochrome Potential

2015-06-13 Reader Inquiry: Banding, Posterization, Color Shifts (and the right workflow)

2015-06-10 Announced: Sony RX10 Mark II, Sony RX100 Mark IV

2015-06-10 Announced: Sony A7R II with 42-Megapixel sensor, In-Body-Image-Stabilization, 4K Video

2015-05-27 Leica M Monochrom Typ 246: ISO Series from 320 to 25,600 (Dolls)

2015-03-25 Olympus OMD E-M5 Mark II: Hi-Res Sensor Shift Mode vs Standard-res, NOISE Compared

2015-03-24 Reader Comment: Olympus E-M5 Mark II High-Res Mode

2015-02-06 Canon’s EOS 5DS / EOS 5DS R: Dynamic Range Confirmed Same as 5D Mark III, Also Noise and ISO


2014-11-09 Zeiss Loxia 35/2 Biogon Aperture Series: Solo Bristlecone, Earth Shadow (also, banding and tonal transitions).

2014-08-29 Adobe Camera Raw: 'CameraStandard' Camera Profile Produces Horrific Tonal Transitions for D810 NEF

2014-08-19 Nikon D810 Service Advisory for White Spots During Long Exposures, and 1.2X Crop

2014-08-04 Nikon D810 vs D800E at ISO 3200, and is the D810 Sharper than the D800E? White Balance Diff?

2014-07-24 A conversation with Ming Thein on the Pentax 645Z and Nikon D810 and More

2014-07-23 Pentax 645Z: ISO and Noise from 100 to 204800

2014-07-23 Nikon D810: Chroma Noise Reduction Study from ISO 1600 to 12800

2014-07-22 Reader Comments: D810 Review, Lenses, etc

2014-07-21 Nikon D810: How Much Underexposure Can It Take?

2014-07-20 Nikon D810: Study of Image Quality from ISO 31/64/100, ..., 12800

2014-07-13 Sony A7s vs Sony A7R: ISO and Noise

2014-07-08 Pentax 645z: Noise from ISO 100 to ISO 204800 with RGB, Channels, Grayscale

2014-05-27 Sony A6000: Sensor Quality at ISO 100

2014-02-12 Sony’s 11+7-bit Delta Compression, Posterization in Some Situations

2014-02-04 Iridient Developer Updated for Fujifilm, Olympus, Panasonic, Canon, PhaseOne

2014-02-03 Samyang FE 24mm T/1.5 Cine E-Mount on Sony A7

2014-01-07 Olympus OM-D E-M1: Noise, Color Space for Raw Conversion, Sharpening


2013-12-22 Reader Comments on Sony A7R Feature Set, Noise, Battery Life, Interface

2013-10-11 iPhone 5s White Balance and Using JPEG vs DNG

2013-06-26 Iridient Developer with Enhanced support for Fujifilm X Files (and Black & White)

2013-06-17 Leica M Typ 240: Night-time Photography

2013-05-10 Iridient Developer Updated to Version 2.1 with Support for Fuji XTrans Sensor

2013-05-08 Nikon D800E vs Canon 5D Mark III: the Nikon D800E Optical Low Pass Blur+Unblur Filter Pack

2013-05-02 Nikon D800E vs Canon 5D Mark III: Sharpness

2013-05-02 How the Nikon D800E Compares to the Canon 5D Mark III in Noise and Usable Dynamic Range

2013-05-01 Per Pixel: How the Nikon D800E Compares to the Canon 5D Mark III (update)

2013-04-30 Per Pixel: How the Nikon D800E Compares to the Canon 5D Mark III

2013-04-30 Comparing Noise Between Cameras

2013-04-26 APS-C Emerges as “the new full frame quality” + the Sagging Momentum of Micro Four Thirds (m4/3)

2013-04-19 The Color Gamut of Fruit

2013-04-16 Leica M Typ 240 / M240 vs Leica M9P: Noise in Dark Areas

2013-04-16 Leica M Typ 240 / M240 vs Leica M9P: Noise and ISO

2013-03-13 Sigma DP Merrill: ISO 100 or 200?

2013-02-21 Nikon D7100 — No Anti-Aliasing Filter

2013-02-17 With the Upgrade in Lens Performances, What About Canon 6D vs Leica M Typ 240 / M240 ?

2013-02-11 Leica M Typ 240 / M240 Image Quality

2013-02-08 When Will We See Canon Megapixels to Match Nikon?


2012-12-23 Real-world Noise: Nikon D800E vs Canon 5D Mark III

2012-11-27 A CALL TO ACTION: Build Intelligent ETTR Into Digital Cameras

2012-11-20 Canon 5D Mark III: ETTR Study of Optimal Exposure for RAW, RAW vs JPEG Exposure Latitude and Sharpness

2012-11-19 Getting the Best Results From the Olympus E-M5

2012-11-19 ETTR and Digital Image Quality

2012-11-17 Nikon D800E: ETTR Study of Optimal Exposure for RAW, Exposure Latitude, Choice of Color Space, Noise

2012-11-14 Image Quality From Olympus OMD E-M5 (or Sigma DP Merrill, or any small sensor)

2012-11-13 Getting the Best Results From a Digital Sensor — JPEG vs RAW and Exposure and Noise

2012-10-21 Why Don’t Digital Cameras Offer a Perfect ETTR exposure with a true raw histogram too?

2012-10-15 Sigma DP1 Merrill — Noise Reduction in Sigma Photo Pro + Noise in Color Channels

2012-09-15 Leica M Monochrom: ISO 320 Noise with +1, +2, +3, +4 “Push”

2012-09-06 Canon EOS 5D Mark III Shadow Noise vs Nikon D800E

2012-08-19 Sensor Photosite Density on the Sony Cybershot DSC-RX100

2012-08-01 Canon EOS 1D X: Pattern Noise at ISO 100 With Ample Exposure (Expose to the Right, ETTR)

2012-07-26 Canon EOS 1D X: Pattern Noise at ISO 100 (Grill)

2012-07-25 Canon EOS 1D X: Pattern Noise

2012-07-24 Canon EOS 1D X vs 5D Mark III: ISO/Noise from ISO 50 - ISO 204800 with 5600°K and Tungsten Halogen Lighting

2012-07-23 Canon EOS 1D X Arrives Today

2012-05-25 Portrait Photographer Asks: D800 or D800E or D3s or D4?

2012-05-21 Nikon D800E vs Nikon D800 Sharpening Noise Evaluation

2012-04-24 Fujifilm X-Pro1 Noise Evaluation

2012-04-18 Reader Comments on D800, 5D Mark III

2012-04-13 Nikon D800 vs Nikon D3s Noise and Color at ISO 100 - 12800

2012-04-03 En route— 36-megapixel Nikon D800

2012-04-01 What I Want in a 2012 Digital SLR

2012-04-01 Canon 5D Mark III ISO Series versus Sharpening

2012-04-01 Canon 5D Mark III Examples and ISO 100 Noise Study

2012-03-27 Canon 5D Mark III Examples, Focusing, Noise

2012-01-15 Reader Wonders About Nikon D4 High ISO Performance

2012-01-08 Sony NEX-7: Zeiss ZM 25/2.8 Biogon and 35/2 Biogon Examples + Noise Reduction by Downsampling


2011-12-28 Sony NEX-7 — RAW Only 8 Bits?

2011-12-26 Reader Thoughts on Sony NEX

2011-12-26 Reader Comments on Settings for RAW files from Fuji X10 with ACR

2011-06-20 Image Quality Issue with Nikon D3s At High Frame Rates?

2011-06-10 Open Letter to Leica — 10 Ways To Improve the M9 Rangefinder

2011-05-23 Sigma Announces 15MP X 3 SD1 DSLR for US $9700

2011-01-06 Reader comment and question on Making Sharp Images


2010-11-01 The damage has been done and has no remedy save time

2010-02-11 Bad lighting, Nikon D3s, Nikon 70-200mm f/2.8G VR II

2010-01-19 Canon 1D Mark IV — first impressions


2009-12-13 Nikon D3s ISO 3200 examples posted — wow!

2009-12-03 Nikon D3s— see-in-the-dark game-changing marvel

2009-02-07 Helicon focus example

2009-01-24 Nikon D3x and Canon 5D Mark II long exposure noise

2009-01-23 Noise with Nikon and Canon

2009-01-14 Noise on 4 cameras

2009-01-07 Canon 5D Mark II first impressions

2009-01-05 Warning on Canon Digital Photo Professional preferences

2009-01-04 Nikon D3x noise and color vs D3

2009-01-01 Nikon D3x dynamic range and noise


2008-12-25 Nikon D3x examples, noise

2008-10-11 Handheld shooting and ISO

2008-10-10 Canon’s Highlight Tone Priority mode and its effect on noise

2008-10-07 Evaluating noise with the Nikon D3 and Canon 1Ds Mark III

2008-09-24 Canon EOS 5D Mark II comments

2008-08-01 Canon 1Ds Mark III — ISO 200

2008-07-18 Available light — shooting the impossible with the Nikon D3

2008-06-14 Noise — Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III

2008-04-23 Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III — low light shooting


2007-12-29 Nikon D3 high ISO comments

2007-12-11 Nikon D3 noise behavior

2007-11-06 Multiple exposures for low noise

2007-11-05 Noise-free photography from any camera?

2007-06-05 Canon EOS 1D Mark III color and noise

2007-05-25 Canon 1D Mark III high ISO noise

2007-03-07 ECC memory errors followup


2006-06-19 Fujifilm F30 point and shoot

2006-01-25 Lots of Universal Binary apps for Intel Mac appearing

2006-01-20 Color Temperature and Noise with Digital Cameras

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