Lighting in this scene is exceptionally challenging, with extreme brightness lights together with deep shadows and areas of snow with high brightness. As well, the special distribution is peculiar (artificial lights), a reality few “lab tests” ever account for. In short, the lighting is unforgiving in terms of flare control, and flare control over an oddball spectrum.
Includes images from f/1.4 through f/11 at up to full camera resolution, with commentary and large crops.
Night shooters, take note.