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EXCERPT page containing first few paragraphs. 2022-10-05 14:56:55

Delay in Depth of Field by Color Divergence

The circle of confusion is a useful conceptual model for image definition, but when defocused, nearly all lenses have some degree of secondary longitudinal chromatic aberration which causes the color (wavelengths) to focus differently. The result is “color bokeh” or the magenta/green blurs seen in out of focus areas; these colors distort the true color of the subject matter, splitting it into its components (e.g., a white blur becomes a magenta interior with a green boundary).

Since the circle of confusion is displaced by color, the actual circle of confusion is larger than in a lens that is perfectly corrected for color, e.g., by definition there is less depth of field than theory by calculation would predict. Thus the lens with a higher degree of color correction will have greater real depth of field at an given aperture (all other factors being equal, other aberrations have a similar 'frictional' effect on depth of field gains).

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  • Eases into photographic challenges with an introductory section.
  • Covers aspects of digital sensor technology that relate to getting the best image quality.
  • Technique section discusses every aspect of making a sharp image handheld or on a tripod.
  • Depth of field and how to bypass depth of field limitations via focus stacking.
  • Optical aberrations: what they are, what they look like, and what to do about them.
  • MTF, field curvature, focus shift: insight into the limitations of lab tests and why imaging performance is far more complex than it appears.
  • Optical aberrations: what they are, what they look like, and what to do about them.
  • How to test a lens for a “bad sample”.

Intrigued? See Focusing Zeiss DSLR Lenses For Peak Performance, PART ONE: The Challenges, or (one topic of many) field curvature.

Aperture series 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11, 16 available in full article
Color Blur
Rolleiflex AFD 80mm f/2.8 Apogon PQS

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