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Example: Using a Tilt Lens for a Landscape Scene

This example with the Nikon D2x and the Nikon PC-E Micro-Nikkor 45mm f/2.8D ED.

A landscape scene is shown here to illustrate the power of tilt for increasing sharpness with a near/far landscape scene. View camera photographers have long enjoyed tilt for this reason.

For a general discussion, see Depth of Field: Bypassing the Limits Using a Tilt Lens as well as Focusing for Optimal Tilt Placement.

The tilt effect is so powerful that at f/2.8, a lens tilted appropriately can be sharper from foreground to infinity than at f/16 without the tilt! That is the case here, or nearly so, because of the strong near/far perspective. But f/2.8 is not peak optically, so the use of f/5.6 or f/8 extends the depth of field as well as offering improved total optical performance (independent of tilt or no tilt).

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Diglloyd Making Sharp Images articulates years of best practices and how-to, painstakingly learned over a decade of camera and lens evaluation.

Save yourself those years of trial and error by jump-starting your photographic technical execution when making the image. The best lens or camera is handicapped if the photographer fails to master perfect shot discipline. High-resolution digital cameras are unforgiving of errors, at least if one wants the best possible results.

  • Eases into photographic challenges with an introductory section.
  • Covers aspects of digital sensor technology that relate to getting the best image quality.
  • Technique section discusses every aspect of making a sharp image handheld or on a tripod.
  • Depth of field and how to bypass depth of field limitations via focus stacking.
  • Optical aberrations: what they are, what they look like, and what to do about them.
  • MTF, field curvature, focus shift: insight into the limitations of lab tests and why imaging performance is far more complex than it appears.
  • Optical aberrations: what they are, what they look like, and what to do about them.
  • How to test a lens for a “bad sample”.

Intrigued? See Focusing Zeiss DSLR Lenses For Peak Performance, PART ONE: The Challenges, or (one topic of many) field curvature.

Variants With Tilt, Without Tilt available in full article
f/8

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