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Leica 18mm f/3.8 Super-Elmar-M ASPH

Last updated April 16, 2010 - Send Feedback

The Leica 18mm f/3.8 Super-Elmar-M (about $2995) is an ultra high performance 18mm lens with an aspheric design and special glass types.

The 18mm f/3.8 is described as this way: “ Its retrofocus-like architecture features eight lens elements of which one boasts two aspherical surfaces to ensure outstanding image quality already at open aperture”.

Retrofocus means that the light rays impact the digital sensor more directly, a Very Good Thing, since it reduces vignetting and color shift, a serious problem with (for example), the Zeiss ZM 21mm f/4.5.

However, not only is the modern retrofocus design of the 18/3.8 “friendlier” to the digital sensor of the Leica M8/M9, the M9’s, built-in lens correction feature “knows” that it’s the 18mm, and correct any residual color shift and vignetting out to the corners, resulting in images that are remarkably free of off-center variation (not all vignetting is corrected, a very good thing).

Leica 18mm f/3.8 Super-Elmar-M Specifications
Aperture scale: f/3.8 - f/16
Angular field, diag./horiz./vert°: 100/90/67°
Focusing range: 0.7m - infinity
Coverage at close range: 827 X 1241mm = 1:34.6
(not close at all)
Number of elements/groups: 8 elements in 7 groups
Filter thread: Accessory filter holder for E77 filters available / Separate, screw-on type, included in delivery
Weight (as actually weight): 308g with mandatory hood
361g with hood, caps, viewfinder
Dimensions (with caps): 58mm long, 61mm diameter

View near real-time pricing and availability for Zeiss ZM an Leica M lenses on the Leica M gear page.

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Old growth and new
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New light for new growth
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Close quarters work well with an 18mm
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Dynamic front-to-back compositions

Distortion

Distortion is of the wave type, generally unavoidable at this focal length: barrel distortion over the central 2/3 of the frame, reversing to accelerating pincushion distortion beyond that.

Distortion of the Leica 28mm f/2 Summicron-M ASPH: moderate barrel (bowing out)
Distortion of the Leica 18mm f/3.8 Super-Elmar-M: wave type

MTF (contrast and sharpness)

Performance is very high for a 18mm lens, and holds beautifully and gracefully to the corners. Peak performance is at f/5.6, with contrast (brilliance) dropping slightly at f/8. Mid-zone performance perks up nicely from f/3.8 to f/5.6, so using f/5.6 is advised for all-around shooting.

Mouse over the apertures below to compare.

Jacket.Carousel.Leica
Guide to Leica

Aperture

Half-stop click-stops are marked in full stops. I prefer the clearly-marked 1/3 stop increments on the Zeiss ZM line. But it’s a moot point given that each brand has its own approach.

Composing

The 18mm focal length absolutely demands the use of the “optional” viewfinder, a bizarre way of selling a lens that cannot really be used without the viewfinder.

Ergonomics

The 18/3.8 is nicely sized and worked well in my largish hands, better than some smaller (too small) M lenses .

Focusing

I found it straightforward to focus the Leica 18/3.8 very accurately using the rangefinder.

Conclusions

For high-res examples, see my Guide to Leica.

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